The Sharing Economy

The Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Arun Sundararajan
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9780262533522
Release: 2017
Editor: Mit Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The wide-ranging implications of the shift to a sharing economy, a new model of organizing economic activity that may supplant traditional corporations. Sharing isn't new. Giving someone a ride, having a guest in your spare room, running errands for someone, participating in a supper club--these are not revolutionary concepts. What is new, in the "sharing economy," is that you are not helping a friend for free; you are providing these services to a stranger for money. In this book, Arun Sundararajan, an expert on the sharing economy, explains the transition to what he describes as "crowd-based capitalism"--a new way of organizing economic activity that may supplant the traditional corporate-centered model. As peer-to-peer commercial exchange blurs the lines between the personal and the professional, how will the economy, government regulation, what it means to have a job, and our social fabric be affected? Drawing on extensive research and numerous real-world examples--including Airbnb, Lyft, Uber, Etsy, TaskRabbit, France's BlaBlaCar, China's Didi Kuaidi, and India's Ola, Sundararajan explains the basics of crowd-based capitalism. He describes the intriguing mix of "gift" and "market" in its transactions, demystifies emerging blockchain technologies, and clarifies the dizzying array of emerging on-demand platforms. He considers how this new paradigm changes economic growth and the future of work. Will we live in a world of empowered entrepreneurs who enjoy professional flexibility and independence? Or will we become disenfranchised digital laborers scurrying between platforms in search of the next wedge of piecework? Sundararajan highlights the important policy choices and suggests possible new directions for self-regulatory organizations, labor law, and funding our social safety net.

Law and the Sharing Economy

Law and the  Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Derek McKee,Finn Makela,Teresa Scassa
Pages: 434
ISBN: 9780776627533
Release: 2018-11-27
Editor: University of Ottawa Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Controversy shrouds sharing economy platforms. It stems partially from the platforms’ economic impact, which is felt most acutely in certain sectors: Uber drivers compete with taxi drivers; Airbnb hosts compete with hotels. Other consequences lie elsewhere: Uber is associated with a trend toward low-paying, precarious work, whereas Airbnb is accused of exacerbating real estate speculation and raising the cost of long-term rental housing. While governments in some jurisdictions have attempted to rein in the platforms, technology has enabled such companies to bypass conventional regulatory categories, generating accusations of “unfair competition” as well as debates about the merits of existing regulatory regimes. Indeed, the platforms blur a number of familiar distinctions, including personal versus commercial activity; infrastructure versus content; contractual autonomy versus hierarchical control. These ambiguities can stymie legal regimes that rely on these distinctions as organizing principles, including those relating to labour, competition, tax, insurance, information, the prohibition of discrimination, as well as specialized sectoral regulation. This book is organized around five themes: technologies of regulation; regulating technology; the sites of regulation (local to global); regulating markets; and regulating labour. Together, the chapters offer a rich variety of insights on the regulation of the sharing economy, both in terms of the traditional areas of law they bring to bear, and the theoretical perspectives that inform their analysis. This book is published in English. - La controverse entoure les plateformes d’économie de partage, partiellement en raison de leur impact économique. Certains secteurs subissent des contrecoups de manière plus aigüe : les chauffeurs d’Uber font concurrence aux chauffeurs de taxi, ou les hôtes Airbnb rivalisent avec les hôtels. Par ailleurs, Uber exacerberait l’emploi précaire et mal rémunéré tandis qu’Airbnb amplifierait la spéculation immobilière et entraînerait, à terme, une hausse du coût de location. On a tenté de réglementer ce type de plateformes, mais la technologie est telle qu’elle permet aux entreprises d’aisément contourner la réglementation conventionnelle, si bien que les accusations de « concurrence déloyale » fusent de toutes parts, provoquant une remise en question du cadre réglementaire. En effet, de telles plateformes viennent brouiller les cartes, confondant les distinctions convenues entre personnel et commercial, infrastructure et contenu, autonomie contractuelle et contrôle hiérarchique. Cette ambiguïté peut avoir d’importantes répercussions sur le bon fonctionnement de l’appareil réglementaire qui encadre les principes organisateurs du travail, de la concurrence, de l’impôt, de l’assurance, de l’information et de de l’interdiction de la discrimination, sans parler de la réglementation sectorielle spécialisée. Cinq thématiques sont abordées dans cet ouvrage : les technologies de la réglementation; la réglementation de la technologie; les lieux de la réglementation (du local au mondial); la réglementation des marchés; et la réglementation du travail. Les chapitres se conjuguent pour offrir une réflexion d’une gamme d’experts sur la jurisprudence traditionnelle que sur les approches théoriques qui informent et façonnent la réglementation de l’économie du partage. Ce livre est publié en anglais.

Sharing Economy

Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Ming Hu
Pages: 528
ISBN: 3030018628
Release: 2019-02-04
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This edited book examines the challenges and opportunities arising from today’s sharing economy from an operations management perspective. Individual chapter authors present state-of-the-art research that examines the general impact of sharing economy on production and consumption; the intermediary role of a sharing platform; crowdsourcing management; and context-based operational problems. Sharing economy refers to a market model that enables and facilitates the sharing of access to goods and services. For example, Uber allows riders to share a car. Airbnb allows homeowners to share their extra rooms with renters. Groupon crowdsources demands, enabling customers to share the benefit of discounted goods and services, whereas Kickstarter crowdsources funds, enabling backers to fund a project jointly. Unlike the classic supply chain settings in which a firm makes inventory and supply decisions, in sharing economy, supply is crowdsourced and can be modulated by a platform. The matching-supply-with-demand process in a sharing economy requires novel perspectives and tools to address challenges and identify opportunities. The book is comprised of 20 chapters that are divided into four parts. The first part explores the general impact of sharing economy on the production, consumption, and society. The second part explores the intermediary role of a sharing platform that matches crowdsourced supply with demand. The third part investigates the crowdsourcing management on a sharing platform, and the fourth part is dedicated to context-based operational problems of popular sharing economy applications. “While sharing economy is becoming omnipresence, the operations management (OM) research community has begun to explore and examine different business models in the transportation, healthcare, financial, accommodation, and sourcing sectors. This book presents a collection of the state-of-the-art research work conducted by a group of world-leading OM researchers in this area. Not only does this book cover a wide range of business models arising from the sharing economy, but it also showcases different modeling frameworks and research methods that cannot be missed. Ultimately, this book is a tour de force – informative and insightful!” Christopher S. Tang Distinguished Professor and Edward Carter Chair in Business Administration UCLA Anderson School of Management

The Impact of the Sharing Economy on Business and Society

The Impact of the Sharing Economy on Business and Society
Available:
Author: Abbas Strømmen-Bakhtiar,Evgueni Vinogradov
Pages: 122
ISBN: 9781000762099
Release: 2020-01-09
Editor: Routledge

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The emergence of new platform business models, notably the sharing economy, is impacting the economy in various ways, altering the structure of many industries, and raising a number of economic and political issues. This book investigates the widespread influence of the sharing economy on businesses and society, as well as examining its underpinning economic principles and development. This volume presents an exhaustive review of the existing knowledge on the sharing economy and addresses several major areas of concern for incumbent businesses. It also explains the business models for those who are interested in embarking on their own ventures and provides an excellent source for further research. It takes an in-depth look at controversial labour policies, such as using labour as self-employed contractors or using regulatory grey areas to expand in markets. It is highly multidisciplinary, establishing links between economics, finance, marketing and consumer behaviour. This contribution on the sharing economy will enable researchers and graduate and doctoral students to expand and improve their understanding of this topic and identify new research problems in all of these areas. The book will also appeal to policy makers, regional and local government decision makers, and those interested in labour markets transformation.

The Rise of the Sharing Economy Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Collaborative Consumption

The Rise of the Sharing Economy  Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Collaborative Consumption
Available:
Author: Pia A. Albinsson,B. Yasanthi Perera
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9781440851872
Release: 2018-01-04
Editor: ABC-CLIO

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This is the ultimate source for anyone who wants a comprehensive view of how the sharing economy began and how it may fundamentally change capitalism across the globe. • Takes a global and multidisciplinary approach to defining the sharing economy, its facilitators, and its outcomes • Provides a concise yet thorough study of the sharing economy, in one volume • Presents case-based research to explain how the sharing economy works • Offers real-world examples of collaborative consumption and of sharing economy organizations

Handbook of the Sharing Economy

Handbook of the Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Russell W. Belk,Giana M. Eckhardt,Fleura Bardhi
Pages: 424
ISBN: 9781788110549
Release: 2019
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

With the radical growth in the ubiquity of digital platforms, the sharing economy is here to stay. This Handbook explores the nature and direction of the sharing economy, interrogating its key dynamics and evolution over the past decade and critiquing its effect on society.

Sharing Economy

Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Ming Hu
Pages: 528
ISBN: 9783030018634
Release: 2019-01-11
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This edited book examines the challenges and opportunities arising from today’s sharing economy from an operations management perspective. Individual chapter authors present state-of-the-art research that examines the general impact of sharing economy on production and consumption; the intermediary role of a sharing platform; crowdsourcing management; and context-based operational problems. Sharing economy refers to a market model that enables and facilitates the sharing of access to goods and services. For example, Uber allows riders to share a car. Airbnb allows homeowners to share their extra rooms with renters. Groupon crowdsources demands, enabling customers to share the benefit of discounted goods and services, whereas Kickstarter crowdsources funds, enabling backers to fund a project jointly. Unlike the classic supply chain settings in which a firm makes inventory and supply decisions, in sharing economy, supply is crowdsourced and can be modulated by a platform. The matching-supply-with-demand process in a sharing economy requires novel perspectives and tools to address challenges and identify opportunities. The book is comprised of 20 chapters that are divided into four parts. The first part explores the general impact of sharing economy on the production, consumption, and society. The second part explores the intermediary role of a sharing platform that matches crowdsourced supply with demand. The third part investigates the crowdsourcing management on a sharing platform, and the fourth part is dedicated to context-based operational problems of popular sharing economy applications. “While sharing economy is becoming omnipresence, the operations management (OM) research community has begun to explore and examine different business models in the transportation, healthcare, financial, accommodation, and sourcing sectors. This book presents a collection of the state-of-the-art research work conducted by a group of world-leading OM researchers in this area. Not only does this book cover a wide range of business models arising from the sharing economy, but it also showcases different modeling frameworks and research methods that cannot be missed. Ultimately, this book is a tour de force – informative and insightful!” Christopher S. Tang Distinguished Professor and Edward Carter Chair in Business Administration UCLA Anderson School of Management

What s Yours is Mine

What s Yours is Mine
Available:
Author: Tom Slee
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9781925548471
Release: 2017-11-23
Editor: Scribe Publications

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Airbnb facilitates the booking of over 37 million overnight stays per year. Uber operates in 450 cities in 60 countries. Both claim to be part of the rapidly growing ‘sharing economy’ — but what does that actually mean? Here, Tom Slee offers a razor-sharp examination of the ‘sharing economy’: from its genesis in open-source software and media file sharing, through to the present day popularity of Uber, Airbnb, Taskrabbit, and similar services, which operate outside of normal business regulations, taking on none of the risk or responsibility when something goes wrong. He asks, how did we get from the generosity of what’s mine is yours, to the self-interest and greed of what’s yours is mine?

Knowledge Management in the Sharing Economy

Knowledge Management in the Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Elena-Mădălina Vătămănescu,Florina Magdalena Pînzaru
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9783319668901
Release: 2017-11-14
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This volume explores the challenge of engaging knowledge management in a sharing economy. In a hyper-competitive business environment, everything tends to be digital, virtual and highly networked, which raises the issue of how knowledge management can support the decision whether or not to share strategic resources or capabilities. The book answers questions such as: to what extent does the sharing economy preserve or compromise the competitive advantage of organizations? And what are the knowledge-management strategies for competitive, yet cautious sharing dynamics?

Sharing Economy and the Impact of Collaborative Consumption

Sharing Economy and the Impact of Collaborative Consumption
Available:
Author: de Luna, Iviane Ramos,Fitó-Bertran, Àngels,Lladós-Masllorens, Josep,Liébana-Cabanillas, Francisco
Pages: 323
ISBN: 9781522599302
Release: 2019-09-20
Editor: IGI Global

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The introduction of new technology and technological services worldwide has ushered in a new wave of peer-to-peer and access-driven companies that are disrupting the most established business categories. The emergence of these new business models has upset the flow in contemporary society and transformed people's behavior towards sharing-based economies. Companies and entrepreneurs can see this significant change in people’s behavior as both an opportunity and a threat. Sharing Economy and the Impact of Collaborative Consumption provides emerging research on the impact that the sharing services are having on society as well as the importance of the sharing economy development in the coming years, dealing with relevant issues such as regulations, the technological aspects involved in these platforms, the impact in the tourism sector, and consumer behavior in relation to these services. Multidisciplinary in nature, this publication establishes links between economics, finance, marketing, consumer behavior, and IT, and covers topics that include e-commerce, consumer behavior, and peer economy. It is ideally designed for researchers, students, business professionals, and entrepreneurs seeking current research on the impact that this industry has on various economic, marketing, and societal aspects of different countries.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Law of the Sharing Economy

The Cambridge Handbook of the Law of the Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Nestor M. Davidson,Michèle Finck,John J. Infranca
Pages: 521
ISBN: 110897144X
Release: 2020-10-08
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This Handbook grapples conceptually and practically with what the sharing economy - which includes entities ranging from large for-profit firms like Airbnb, Uber, Lyft, Taskrabbit, and Upwork to smaller, non-profit collaborative initiatives - means for law, and how law, in turn, is shaping critical aspects of the sharing economy. Featuring a diverse set of contributors from many academic disciplines and countries, the book compiles the most important, up-to-date research on the regulation of the sharing economy. The first part surveys the nature of the sharing economy, explores the central challenge of balancing innovation and regulatory concerns, and examines the institutions confronting these regulatory challenges, and the second part turns to a series of specific regulatory domains, including labor and employment law, consumer protection, tax, and civil rights. This groundbreaking work should be read by anyone interested in the dynamic relationship between law and the sharing economy.

Theorizing the Sharing Economy

Theorizing the Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Indre Maurer,Johanna Mair,Achim Oberg
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9781787561816
Release: 2020-04-10
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This volume takes advantage of this opportunity by presenting a collection of empirical and conceptual work that explores the variety and the trajectories of new forms of organizing in the sharing economy, and in doing so builds on, rejuvenates, and refines existing organization theories.

The Business of Sharing

The Business of Sharing
Available:
Author: Alex Stephany
Pages: 240
ISBN: 1137376171
Release: 2015-04-07
Editor: Palgrave Macmillan

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The 'sharing economy' is changing the rules of business. Why buy a hedge trimmer that you use twice a year? Why not borrow someone else's? Why leave your driveway empty all day while you're at work? Why not charge someone to park there while you're not using it? And if your business is selling hedge trimmers or parking – or anything else people can share – what do you do about it? Already, the sharing economy or 'collaborative consumption' lets people earn over $15 billion a year by renting and selling what they own: from cars and homes to money and time. And that's almost nothing. According to PwC, the sharing economy will grow into a $335 billion market by 2025. TIME Magazine calls it "One of 10 Ideas that will Change the World." Pulitzer Prize-winner Thomas L Friedman calls it "The real deal". Today, fast-moving tech startups like Airbnb and Uber are disrupting huge sectors of the old economy, mobilising millions of micro-entrepreneurs in the process. As Silicon Valley investors pile cash into sharing economy startups, some of the world's largest companies are watching their backs. How can the 20th century's corporate beasts not only survive but thrive in a new world of peer-to-peer commerce and sharing? Written by one of the business leaders of the movement, The Business of Sharing is an insider's guide to the sharing economy: for anyone thinking of entering the sharing economy and profiting from the upheavals ahead. From the boardroom of Sequoia Capital to 10 Downing Street, Stephany meets the powerbrokers pulling the strings in this new economy. And he meets the ordinary people cashing out. This critically acclaimed new book includes colorful original interviews with entrepreneurs like the founders of Airbnb and Zipcar and the world's top venture capitalists, plus case studies of major brands from around the world. The Business of Sharing is essential reading for anyone looking to get to grips with one of today's must-understand global trends.

The Sharing Economy and the Relevance for Transport

The Sharing Economy and the Relevance for Transport
Available:
Author: Anonim
Pages: 164
ISBN: 9780128162118
Release: 2019-11-01
Editor: Academic Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The Sharing Economy and the Relevance for Transport, Volume Four in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series, assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world. Individual chapters in this new release include Cars and cities in the sharing economy, The future of public transport within the sharing economy, Sharing vehicles and sharing rides in real time: opportunities for self-driving fleets, Car parking in the future, Car share’s impact and future, Bike Share, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series Updated release includes the latest information on the evolving impact of The Sharing Economy and The Relevance For Transport

Disruptive Urbanism

Disruptive Urbanism
Available:
Author: Nicole Gurran,Paul J Maginn,Paul Burton,Crystal Legacy,Carey Curtis,Anthony Kent,Geoffrey Binder
Pages: 138
ISBN: 9781000055900
Release: 2020-06-30
Editor: Routledge

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Disruptive Urbanism examines how different forms and modes of the so called "sharing economy" are manifesting in cities and regions throughout the world, and how policy makers are responding to these disruptions. The emergence of the so called "sharing economy" and the "disruptive technologies" have profound implications for urban policy and governance. Initial expectations that "sharing" of homes, offices or vehicles could solve urban problems such as congestion or housing affordability have given way to concerns over job precarity, neighbourhood transformation, and the growing power of platforms in disrupting urban governance and regulation. Contributors to this volume canvas these issues, examining how the "sharing economy" is manifesting in urban areas, the implications of this for urban living, and how policy makers are responding to these changes. Implications for urban research, policy, and practice are highlighted through chapters which address forms of urban "sharing" across housing, transport, work, and food and wider processes of globalisation and neoliberalism as they disrupt cities and urban policy making. Disruptive Urbanism will be of great interest to scholars of urban planning, urban governance, the sharing economy, and housing studies. The chapters were originally published as a special issue of Urban Policy and Research.

Anthropology and the Economy of Sharing

Anthropology and the Economy of Sharing
Available:
Author: Thomas Widlok
Pages: 218
ISBN: 9781317369707
Release: 2016-10-04
Editor: Taylor & Francis

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book examines the economy of sharing in a variety of social and political contexts around the world, with consideration given to the role of sharing in relation to social order and social change, political power, group formation, individual networks and concepts of personhood. Widlok advocates a refreshingly broad comparative approach to our understanding of sharing, with a rich range of material from hunter-gatherer ethnography alongside debates and empirical illustrations from globalized society, helping students to avoid Western economic bias in their thinking. Anthropology and the Economy of Sharing also demonstrates that sharing is distinct from gift-giving, exchange and reciprocity, which have become dominant themes in economic anthropology, and suggests that a new focus on sharing will have significant repercussions for anthropological theory. Breaking new ground in this key topic, this volume provides students with a coherent and accessible overview of the economy of sharing from an anthropological perspective.

The Sharing Economy

The Sharing Economy
Available:
Author: Maria Regina Redinha,Maria Raquel Guimarães,Francisco Liberal Fernandes
Pages: 508
ISBN: 9781527522039
Release: 2018-11-21
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The sharing economy is just one of several possible expressions to designate the complex model of social and economic relationships based on the intensive use of digital technology. Constant permutations and combinations allow these relationships to be established through the intervention of a third party making traditional contractual positions flexible in such a way that today’s employee is tomorrow’s entrepreneur, or today’s consumer is tomorrow’s supplier of goods and services. The current legal framework is, in many respects, unable to accommodate such big changes and new legal regulations are required where adaptation of the existing ones proves to be inadequate. This book highlights where changes are needed and where adaptations are required, with a particular focus on the Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, British and Brazilian contexts. For that, four different approaches are undertaken, namely the meta-legal, macro-legal, micro-legal and transnational approaches. The study that results from these different approaches enables readers to acquire a general view on the current legal problems arising from the sharing economy, and was a direct result of a research project of the Centre for Legal and Economic Research, at the University of Porto, funded by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia.

Hustle and Gig

Hustle and Gig
Available:
Author: Alexandrea J. Ravenelle
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9780520971899
Release: 2019-03-12
Editor: Univ of California Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Choose your hours, choose your work, be your own boss, control your own income. Welcome to the sharing economy, a nebulous collection of online platforms and apps that promise to transcend capitalism. Supporters argue that the gig economy will reverse economic inequality, enhance worker rights, and bring entrepreneurship to the masses. But does it? In Hustle and Gig, Alexandrea J. Ravenelle shares the personal stories of nearly eighty predominantly millennial workers from Airbnb, Uber, TaskRabbit, and Kitchensurfing. Their stories underline the volatility of working in the gig economy: the autonomy these young workers expected has been usurped by the need to maintain algorithm-approved acceptance and response rates. The sharing economy upends generations of workplace protections such as worker safety; workplace protections around discrimination and sexual harassment; the right to unionize; and the right to redress for injuries. Discerning three types of gig economy workers—Success Stories, who have used the gig economy to create the life they want; Strugglers, who can’t make ends meet; and Strivers, who have stable jobs and use the sharing economy for extra cash—Ravenelle examines the costs, benefits, and societal impact of this new economic movement. Poignant and evocative, Hustle and Gig exposes how the gig economy is the millennial’s version of minimum-wage precarious work.

Analytics for the Sharing Economy Mathematics Engineering and Business Perspectives

Analytics for the Sharing Economy  Mathematics  Engineering and Business Perspectives
Available:
Author: Emanuele Crisostomi,Bissan Ghaddar,Florian Häusler,Joe Naoum-Sawaya,Giovanni Russo,Robert Shorten
Pages: 348
ISBN: 3030350347
Release: 2021-03-12
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The book provides an encompassing overview of all aspects relating to the sharing economy paradigm in different fields of study, and shows the ongoing research efforts in filling previously identified gaps in understanding in this area. Control and optimization analytics for the sharing economy explores bespoke analytics, tools, and business models that can be used to help design collaborative consumption services (the shared economy). It provides case studies of collaborative consumption in the areas of energy and mobility. The contributors review successful examples of sharing systems, and explore the theory for designing effective and stable shared-economy models. They discuss recent innovations in and uses of shared economy models in niche areas, such as energy and mobility. Readers learn the scientific challenging issues associated with the realization of a sharing economy. Conceptual and practical matters are examined, and the state-of-the-art tools and techniques to address such applications are explained. The contributors also show readers how topical problems in engineering, such as energy consumption in power grids, or bike sharing in transportation networks, can be formulated and solved from a general collaborative consumption perspective. Since the book takes a mathematical perspective to the topic, researchers in business, computer science, optimization and control find it useful. Practitioners also use the book as a point of reference, as it explores and investigates the analytics behind economy sharing.

The Option of Urbanism

The Option of Urbanism
Available:
Author: Christopher B. Leinberger
Pages: 232
ISBN: 1597267767
Release: 2010-03-18
Editor: Island Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Americans are voting with their feet to abandon strip malls and suburban sprawl, embracing instead a new type of community where they can live, work, shop, and play within easy walking distance. In The Option of Urbanism visionary developer and strategist Christopher B. Leinberger explains why government policies have tilted the playing field toward one form of development over the last sixty years: the drivable suburb. Rooted in the driving forces of the economy—car manufacturing and the oil industry—this type of growth has fostered the decline of community, contributed to urban decay, increased greenhouse gas emissions, and contributed to the rise in obesity and asthma. Highlighting both the challenges and the opportunities for this type of development, The Option of Urbanism shows how the American Dream is shifting to include cities as well as suburbs and how the financial and real estate communities need to respond to build communities that are more environmentally, socially, and financially sustainable.