Author: John Chaffee Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines Publisher: Cengage Learning ISBN: 9780495908814 Book Pages: 592 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
THINKING CRITICALLY teaches the fundamental thinking, reasoning, reading, and writing abilities that students need to succeed in the classroom and beyond. The text begins with basic skills related to personal experience and then carefully progresses to th
Author: Nathan Nobis Genre: Philosophy Publisher: Open Philosophy Press ISBN: 9780578532639 Book Pages: 77 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
This book introduces readers to the many arguments and controversies concerning abortion. While it argues for ethical and legal positions on the issues, it focuses on how to think about the issues, not just what to think about them. It is an ideal resource to improve your understanding of what people think, why they think that and whether their (and your) arguments are good or bad, and why. It's ideal for classroom use, discussion groups, organizational learning, and personal reading. From the Preface To many people, abortion is an issue for which discussions and debates are frustrating and fruitless: it seems like no progress will ever be made towards any understanding, much less resolution or even compromise. Judgments like these, however, are premature because some basic techniques from critical thinking, such as carefully defining words and testing definitions, stating the full structure of arguments so each step of the reasoning can be examined, and comparing the strengths and weaknesses of different explanations can help us make progress towards these goals. When emotions run high, we sometimes need to step back and use a passion for calm, cool, critical thinking. This helps us better understand the positions and arguments of people who see things differently from us, as well as our own positions and arguments. And we can use critical thinking skills help to try to figure out which positions are best, in terms of being supported by good arguments: after all, we might have much to learn from other people, sometimes that our own views should change, for the better. Here we use basic critical thinking skills to argue that abortion is typically not morally wrong. We begin with less morally-controversial claims: adults, children and babies are wrong to kill and wrong to kill, fundamentally, because they, we, are conscious, aware and have feelings. We argue that since early fetuses entirely lack these characteristics, they are not inherently wrong to kill and so most abortions are not morally wrong, since most abortions are done early in pregnancy, before consciousness and feeling develop in the fetus. Furthermore, since the right to life is not the right to someone else’s body, fetuses might not have the right to the pregnant woman’s body—which she has the right to—and so she has the right to not allow the fetus use of her body. This further justifies abortion, at least until technology allows for the removal of fetuses to other wombs. Since morally permissible actions should be legal, abortions should be legal: it is an injustice to criminalize actions that are not wrong. In the course of arguing for these claims, we: 1. discuss how to best define abortion; 2. dismiss many common “question-begging” arguments that merely assume their conclusions, instead of giving genuine reasons for them; 3. refute some often-heard “everyday arguments” about abortion, on all sides; 4. explain why the most influential philosophical arguments against abortion are unsuccessful; 5. provide some positive arguments that at least early abortions are not wrong; 6. briefly discuss the ethics and legality of later abortions, and more. This essay is not a “how to win an argument” piece or a tract or any kind of apologetics. It is not designed to help anyone “win” debates: everybody “wins” on this issue when we calmly and respectfully engage arguments with care, charity, honesty and humility. This book is merely a reasoned, systematic introduction to the issues that we hope models these skills and virtues. Its discussion should not be taken as absolute “proof” of anything: much more needs to be understood and carefully discussed—always.
Author: A. R. Codling Genre: Law Publisher: Routledge ISBN: 9781317298380 Book Pages: 224 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
So you’ve arrived at university, you’ve read the course handbook and you’re ready to learn the law. But is knowing the law enough to get you the very best marks? And what do your lecturers mean when they say you need to develop critical and analytical skills? When is it right to put your own views forward? What are examiners looking for when they give feedback to say that your work is too descriptive? This book explores what it means to think critically and offers practical tips and advice for students to develop the process, skill and ability of thinking critically while studying law. The book investigates the big questions such as: What is law? and What is ‘thinking critically’? How can I use critical thinking to get better grades in assessments? What is the role of critical thinking in the work place? These questions and more are explored in Thinking Critically About Law. Whether you have limited prior experience of critical thinking or are looking to improve your performance in assessments, this book is the ideal tool to help you enhance your capacity to question, challenge, reflect and problematize what you learn about the law throughout your studies and beyond.
Author: Open University Genre: Critical thinking Publisher: ISBN: 9780749229207 Book Pages: 32 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
To think critically, is to weigh up all sides of an argument and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses. This is a skill that we use in many everyday decision making situations. This booklet shows how these skills can be transferred effectively to academic life. It explains why critical thinking is important, and contains advice on reading with a critical eye, writing with a critical voice and techniques to practice with others.There is an accompanying Skills for OU Study website http://www.open.ac.uk.skillsforstudy.If you are a current OU student please contact Student Services before ordering.
Author: Jean Mercer Genre: Psychology Publisher: SAGE Publications ISBN: 9781544341927 Book Pages: 488 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
With a unique focus on inquiry, Thinking Critically About Child Development presents 74 claims related to child development for readers to examine and think through critically. Author Jean Mercer and new co-authors Stephen Hupp and Jeremy Jewell use anecdotes to illustrate common errors of critical thinking and encourage students to consider evidence and logic relevant to everyday beliefs. New material in the Fourth Edition covers adolescence, adverse childhood experiences, genetics, LGBT issues for both parents and children, and other issues about sexuality, keeping readers up to date on the latest scholarship in the field. Also of Interest Child Development From Infancy to Adolescence: An Active Learning Approach, Second Edition: Chronologically organized, this book presents topics within the field of child development through unique and highly engaging Active Learning opportunities. Child Development: An Active Learning Approach, Third Edition: Topically organized, this book invites students to take an active journey toward understanding the latest findings from the field of child development.
Author: Dariusz Kubok Genre: Philosophy Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG ISBN: 9783110567229 Book Pages: 310 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
Analyses of the dynamics of change present in Europe are not complete without taking into account the role and function of the critical approach as a founding element of European culture. An appreciation of critical thinking must go hand-in-hand with reflection on its essence, forms, and centuries-long tradition. The European philosophical tradition has thematized the problem of criticism since its appearance. This book contains articles on the history of philosophical criticism and ways that it has been understood in European thought. Individual chapters contain both historical-philosophical and problem-oriented analyses, indicating the relationships between philosophical criticism and rationalism, logic, scepticism, atheism, dialectic procedure, and philosophical counseling, among others. Philosophical reflection on critical thinking allows for an acknowledgment of its significance in the fields of epistemology, philosophy of politics, aesthetics, methodology, philosophy of language, and cultural theory. The book should interest not only humanities scholars, but also scholars in other fields, as the development of an anti-dogmatic critical approach is a lasting and indispensible challenge for all disciplines.
Author: Diane F. Halpern Genre: Social Science Publisher: Routledge ISBN: UCSC:32106016288471 Book Pages: 205 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
Thinking is not a spectator sport. Research has shown that the skills of critical thinking must be practiced with a wide variety of problems in many different contexts in order to be learned and retained. The exercises, questions, and reviews in this workbook are designed to provide the systematic practice needed to help readers become more critical thinkers. By reading and responding to the questions before reading the accompanying chapter in the text, readers will develop a framework that will help them to comprehend, anticipate, and organize the information in the accompanying chapter. Based on principles of active learning with authentic tasks, all of the exercises were written to be similar to problems and situations readers are likely to encounter in real life -- and they provide numerous examples for both short and extended writing assignments. Problems include topics such as saving money; understanding a research report that appears in a newspaper; recognizing propaganda; reaching reasoned conclusions; avoiding common biases; and deciding when a risk is "too risky." These exercises also work well for cooperative learning projects and are designed to help adult learners develop the skills and the habits of mind essential for life-long learning. Designed to be used in conjunction with Halpern's text, Thought & Knowledge, this workbook could also be used with other texts or as a stand-alone enhancement in courses on thinking skills and cognitive psychology. All exercises along with syllabus suggestions and self assessments are available in the Instructor's Manual.
Author: James Hugh Kiersky Genre: Philosophy Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company ISBN: 0314043527 Book Pages: 434 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
Incorporates the Critical Technique approach that provides a step-by-step technique for constructing and critically evaluating argumentative reasoning. Successfully integrates informal logic and critical thinking for those instructors who want the flexibility of teaching both. Chapter-opening quotes from rock music captures students attention. Narrative case studies, argumentative writing exercises and Reality Checks with everyday examples of argumentative techniques taken from advertisements reinforce chapter material. Mid- and end-of-chapter exercises are broken into three levels of difficulty to challenge students and aid instructors in evaluating student progress.
Author: Diane F. Halpern Genre: Education Publisher: Routledge ISBN: 9781136605833 Book Pages: 256 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
A workbook for Thought & Knowledge, Fourth Edition by Diane F Halpern, Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking, Fourth Edition is filled with new exercises to reinforce learning and practice newly acquired skills. This workbook can be purchased in a student package with Thought & Knowledge or as a separate item.