They Came Before Columbus by Ivan Van Sertima

Genre : History
Editor : Random House Incorporated
Release : 2003
ISBN-13 : UCSC:32106017436624
Hardcover : 284 Pages


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.

Genre : History
Editor : African classicals
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN-13 :
Hardcover : Pages


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Examining navigation and shipbuilding; cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans; the transportation of plants, animals, and textiles between the continents; and the diaries, journals, and oral accounts of the explorers themselves, Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist’s gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats), the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. In They Came Before Columbus, we see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of black Africans in pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilizations they encountered.

They Came Before Columbus by Ivan Van Sertima

Genre : History
Editor : Random House Incorporated
Release : 2003
ISBN-13 : UCSC:32106017436624
Hardcover : 284 Pages


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.

Stolen Legacy by George G. M. James

Genre : History
Editor : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2013-04-08
ISBN-13 : 9781627930154
Hardcover : 129 Pages


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For centuries the world has been misled about the original source of the Arts and Sciences; for centuries Socrates, Plato and Aristotle have been falsely idolized as models of intellectual greatness; and for centuries the African continent has been called the Dark Continent, because Europe coveted the honor of transmitting to the world, the Arts and Sciences. It is indeed surprising how, for centuries, the Greeks have been praised by the Western World for intellectual accomplishments which belong without a doubt to the Egyptians or the peoples of North Africa.

Genre :
Editor : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-01
ISBN-13 : 9783864034329
Hardcover : 342 Pages


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This book is about an event in history that changed the world for all times. It is a sad story that did not have to be. What Africans and the indigenous Americans have given to the world is a part of total humanity that must be respectfully considered in order to build a world where all people can walk in peace and dignity with their respective contributions accepted.

Genre : History
Editor : Eworld
Release : 2011
ISBN-13 : 1617590304
Hardcover : 123 Pages


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

African American Heritage by David T. Adamo

Genre : Religion
Editor : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release : 2001-07-02
ISBN-13 : 9781725203990
Hardcover : 110 Pages


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

This book , originally published in 1985 by Texian Press, Waco, Texas, has now been updated and expanded.

Encyclopedia Of Black Studies by Molefi Kete Asante

Genre : Social Science
Editor : SAGE
Release : 2005
ISBN-13 : 076192762X
Hardcover : 531 Pages


Available: macOS, Windows, Android, Tablet

Articles presents an analysis of the key individuals, events, and issues that are important to African Americans.

Genre : America
Editor :
Release : 1893
ISBN-13 : PSU:000012952243
Hardcover : 14 Pages


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War Before Civilization by Lawrence H. Keeley

Genre : Social Science
Editor : Oxford University Press
Release : 1997-12-18
ISBN-13 : 9780199880706
Hardcover : 272 Pages


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The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone. Prehistoric warfare, according to this view, was little more than a ritualized game, where casualties were limited and the effects of aggression relatively mild. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War Before Civilization offers a devastating rebuttal to such comfortable myths and debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization (an idea he denounces as "the pacification of the past"). Building on much fascinating archeological and historical research and offering an astute comparison of warfare in civilized and prehistoric societies, from modern European states to the Plains Indians of North America, War Before Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric warfare was in fact more deadly, more frequent, and more ruthless than modern war. To support this point, Keeley provides a wide-ranging look at warfare and brutality in the prehistoric world. He reveals, for instance, that prehistorical tactics favoring raids and ambushes, as opposed to formal battles, often yielded a high death-rate; that adult males falling into the hands of their enemies were almost universally killed; and that surprise raids seldom spared even women and children. Keeley cites evidence of ancient massacres in many areas of the world, including the discovery in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the remains of over 500 scalped and mutilated men, women, and children (a slaughter that took place a century and a half before the arrival of Columbus). In addition, Keeley surveys the prevalence of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in all kinds of warfare and again finds little moral distinction between ancient warriors and civilized armies. Finally, and perhaps most controversially, he examines the evidence of cannibalism among some preliterate peoples. Keeley is a seasoned writer and his book is packed with vivid, eye-opening details (for instance, that the homicide rate of prehistoric Illinois villagers may have exceeded that of the modern United States by some 70 times). But he also goes beyond grisly facts to address the larger moral and philosophical issues raised by his work. What are the causes of war? Are human beings inherently violent? How can we ensure peace in our own time? Challenging some of our most dearly held beliefs, Keeley's conclusions are bound to stir controversy.