The Rig Veda
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|Author||: Wendy Doniger|
|Editor||: Penguin UK|
The earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas, and the first extensive composition to survive in any Indo-European language, the Rig Veda (c. 1200-900 BC) is a collection of over 1,000 individual Sanskrit hymns. A work of intricate beauty, it provides a unique insight into early Indian mythology, religion and culture. This selection of 108 of the hymns, chosen for their eloquence and wisdom, focuses on the enduring themes of creation, sacrifice, death, women, the sacred plant soma and the gods. Inspirational and profound, it provides a fascinating introduction to one of the founding texts of Hindu scripture - an awesome and venerable ancient work of Vedic ritual, prayer, philosophy, legend and faith.
|Editor||: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform|
This illustrated edition of the Rig Veda is presented whole, permitting the reader the fullest comprehension of the holy poetry, the Gods of Hinduism and the ancient wisdom. Written by an anonymous author or authors during India's antiquity, the Rig Veda (sometimes referred to simply as 'Rigveda') literally translates to 'shrine knowledge' in ancient Sanskrit. An enormous collection of hymns, prayers and poems written in Vedic Sanskrit script, the book has astonished and impressed scholars of religion, language and India itself for centuries. It also holds a strong measure of historical importance, in that it alludes to the cultural practices, ceremonies, eating habits, and daily life in India around the year 1040 B.C. . This edition contains several illustrations of the different Hindu Gods, depicted as they were encountered in the shrines and temples by illustrator E. A. Rodrigues during the nineteenth century. Many of the poems in the Rig Veda specifically regard a given deity, describing their qualities and the manner through which they must be worshiped and celebrated. The translator, Ralph Griffith, used several manuscripts while faithfully compiling his translation of the original Sanskrit. The ten book (or Mandala) mode of division is faithfully retained, as is the original hymn and line numbering. A table of contents, allowing readers to easily locate verses in the volume, is also appended. In the present day, the Rig Veda is looked upon by most Hindus as an ancient work of literature worthy of pride and reverence. Its hymns are to this day sung during rites of passage ceremonies in India, and the text is frequently read and alluded to during the Hindu festivals all year round. Long ago, there were further meanings and interpretations of the text; however with the passage of time, modern-day readers more commonly arrive at their own conclusions. Ralph Thomas Hotchkin Griffith was a learned scholar of Indology. Born in Wiltshire, England, in his youth he became enchanted with the culture and beauty of India. After completing his studies, he spent much of his life in India, and was eventually made Principal of the Benares College in Madras. He retired, and was buried in, the towering hills of the Nilgiris district.
|Author||: Sage Rishi|
The Rig Veda is an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is counted among the four canonical sacred texts (sruti) of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The Rig Veda contains several mythological and poetical accounts of the origin of the world, hymns praising the gods, and ancient prayers for life, prosperity, etc. Some of its verses are still recited as Hindu prayers, at religious functions and other occasions, making it probably the world's oldest religious texts in continued use. The Rigvedic hymns are dedicated to various deities, chief of whom are Indra, a heroic god praised for having slain his enemy Vrtra; Agni, the sacrificial fire; and Soma, the sacred potion or the plant it is made from. Equally prominent gods are the Adityas or Asura gods Mitra-Varuna and Ushas (the dawn). Also invoked are Savitr, Vishnu, Rudra, Pushan, Brihaspati or Brahmanaspati, as well as deified natural phenomena such as Dyaus Pita (the shining sky, Father Heaven), Prithivi (the earth, Mother Earth), Surya (the sun god), Vayu or Vata (the wind), Apas (the waters), Parjanya (the thunder and rain), Vac (the word), many rivers (notably the Sapta Sindhu, and the Sarasvati River). The Adityas, Vasus, Rudras, Sadhyas, Ashvins, Maruts, Rbhus, and the Vishvadevas ("all-gods") as well as the "thirty-three gods" are the groups of deities mentioned. The hymns mention various further minor gods, persons, phenomena and items, and contain fragmentary references to possible historical events, notably the struggle between the early Vedic people (known as Vedic Aryans, a subgroup of the Indo-Aryans) and their enemies, the Dasa or Dasyu and their mythical prototypes, the Pani (the Bactrian Parna).
|Author||: David R. Slavitt|
|Editor||: Anaphora Literary Press|
The Vedas are ancient books of hymns. There are four—the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda—and they are the primary texts of Hinduism. They had an enormous influence also on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. According to Hindus, the text of the Vedas is as old as the universe itself. Scholars have determined that the Rig Veda, the oldest of the four, was composed sometime between 1700 and 1100 B.C.E., codified about 600 B.C.E., and was finally committed to writing around 300 B.C.E. The Rig Veda, composed of ten books, or Mandalas, each of which is a collection of hymns (s?ktas), is one of these “great books,” but most people—even the well-educated—have never read it. It is very long and the previous translations are unsatisfactory. This book is an attempt to offer a succinct, accurate and readable translation.
|Author||: David Frawley|
The book attempts to clarify the historical aspects of the Rig Veda through examination of its kings,rishies and peoples.It makes many new points of literary interpretation not only of the Rig Veda but also of the other Vedas ,Brahamanas , Puranas ,Mahabharta and Ramayana .
|Author||: Antonio T. De Nicolás|
This book reconstructs the original and origins of the Rig Veda, (between 5.000 to 2.500 B.C, ) the first Indo-European written document ever to show the origin of cultures and the power of music in the recitation and construction of the original hymns. Here we find the original geometries, original forms, original sacrifice of any form to claim supremacy over the others and the continued movement of human life. This book brings together early humans with modern neurobiological discoveries and shows the origins of multiple centers of knowing (the gods), the movement of the singer and the song in a world that avoids idolatry of substances by insisting in the constant movement of singer, song, and music. If you thought you knew all there is to know about the language you use, read this book and find out the idolatry of its imagery and the possible sacrifice needed for a happy, communal and divine life.
|Author||: Choudur Satyanarayana Moorthy|
|Editor||: Notion Press|
Modern Science has only recently stumbled upon the truth that the underlying cause for existence is the realisation of Universal Consciousness. Whether it is the contribution of physics, biology, medicine, neurobiology, psychology or other branches of science, the ongoing efforts are entirely an attempt to understand this universal consciousness. However, these ideas are not new: and they have their roots in the Rig Veda, the world’s first book. It deals with Consciousness in entirety. Compiled by the Angirasa Rishis, the Rig Veda is an exposition of the route one can follow to successfully merge the Individual Consciousness and the Universal Consciousness. Gleanings from Rig Veda are an attempt to cull out these transient understandings from centuries ago.
|Author||: Wendy Doniger|
Gathers Vedic hymns about creation, death, sacrifice, ritual, and the various gods and characters of Hindu mythology, in a definitive translation that includes an updated bibliography, comprehensive notes, and informative introduction to the texts. Reprint.
|Author||: David Frawley|
|Editor||: Motilal Banarsidass|
"The Rig Veda is not only one of the oldest sacred scriptures of the world, but also one of the most misunderstood. Past scholarship has dismissed the hymns of the Rig Veda as being expressions of a primitive animistic mentality that only rarely rose to true spiritual and philosophical heights. David Frawley's book demonstrates that this judgmental view is ill-founded. His fine renderings of select Vedic hymns bear witness to the fact that their composers were sages and seers--powerful poets who knew the art of symbolic and metaphoric communication. The Vedic hymns give us a unique glimpse not into a primitive mentality but a mentality and culture that revolved around the highest spiritual values and visions. This is an important and riveting book, ushering in a new and sounder tradition of Vedic interpretation and scholarship." Georg Feuerstein
|Author||: Dr. Rameshchandra Mukhopadhyaya|
|Editor||: Anjali Publishers|
Apart for its mythological and philosophical significance Vedas have high literary values which demand in depth studies. Being the oldest among all, Veda, as literature, attained great aesthetic height and this critical analysis of the poems/ hymns/ suktas of the first four books of Rig Veda by Shri. Mukhopadhyay, a triple M.A. , M.Phil and Ph.D with various literary accomplishments, certainly is first ever work in the study of literature on Vedas as a book of Literature. The study is a difficult one as the exact date of composition is unknown. The very fact that it is handed down from generation to generation by verbal transmission, sruti , only. The beautiful part that it is still sung which perhaps acts as the most reliable tests whereby we could landed upon the hypothesis that the Vedas are worthwhile for study as literature
|Editor||: Jain Publishing Company|
The Rig Veda, core of the Hindu scriptural canon, is a collection of over a thousand hymns; above all it is a glorious song of praise to the gods, the cosmic powers at work in nature and in man. The presentation of the twelve hymns in this book makes available a portion of one of the major scriptures of humanity in contemporary idioms (English, French, german, and Spanish) that reflect the quality, substance, and form of the original.
Rig Veda Vritra Rigveda Mandala 10 Sarama Hiranyagarbha Rathakara the Rigveda A Historical Analysis Mandala 8 Purusha
|Author||: Source Wikipedia,Books Llc|
|Editor||: Books LLC, Wiki Series|
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 34. Chapters: Vritra, Rigveda, Mandala 10, Sarama, Hiranyagarbha, Rathakara, The Rigveda: A Historical Analysis, Mandala 8, Purusha sukta, Mandala 7, Rigvedic rivers, Battle of the Ten Kings, Mandala 9, Mandala 6, Mandala 5, Nasadiya Sukta, Mandala 3, Mandala 2, Mandala 4, B haddevat, Rigvedic deities, Sayana, Anukrama, Nadistuti sukta, Ap, Manyu sukta, Apris, Dakshina, Vishpala, Rtu, Rigvedic dialogue hymns, Sudas, Jataveda, Devi sukta, Gritsamada, Khilani, Kakshivat, Bhava, Vasukra. Excerpt: The Rigveda (Sanskrit: , a compound of "praise, verse" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is counted among the four canonical sacred texts ( ruti) of Hinduism known as the Vedas. Some of its verses are still recited as Hindu prayers, at religious functions and other occasions, putting these among the world's oldest religious texts in continued use. The Rigveda contains several mythological and poetical accounts of the origin of the world, hymns praising the gods, and ancient prayers for life, prosperity, etc. It is one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language. Philological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Rigveda was composed in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, roughly between 1700-1100 BC (the early Vedic period). The surviving form of the Rigveda is based on an early Iron Age (c. 10th c. BC) collection that established the core 'family books' (mandalas 2-7, ordered by author, deity and meter ) and a later redaction, co-eval with the redaction of the other Vedas, dating several centuries after the hymns were composed. This redaction also included some additions (contradicting the strict ordering scheme) and orthoepic changes to the Vedic Sanskrit such as the regularization of sandhi (termed orthoepische Diaskeuase by Oldenberg, 1888). As with t...
|Author||: Dev Bhattacharyya|
|Editor||: DevB Inc|
Code Agni explores the Rig Veda honeycombed with many Rik Mantras structured as hymns of wisdom and sweetness. Riks are like sound pearls in a vast etheric ocean that permeate cosmic intelligence which authors and readers have translated them differently over seven hundred years. The translations presented in Code Agni are as direct as possible to the original manuscripts of Rig Veda and transliterated words and sentences accompany the verses as they unfold.
Rig Veda Sanhit a Collection of Ancient Hind Hymns Translated from the Original Sanskrit by H H Wilson
|Author||: Jon William Fergus|
|Editor||: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform|
The present volume is an unabridged compilation of all four Vedas (Rig, White and Black Yajur, Sama and Atharva). Four of the translations are from Ralph Griffith, with the remaining (black yajur) from Arthur Keith. The texts have been proofed and all Sanskrit terms updated and synced between versions. An Index-Dictionary of Sanskrit terms has been published as a second volume: ISBN: 978-1541304079. From the foreword: The Vedas (from the root vid, "to know," or "divine knowledge") are the most ancient of all the Hindu scriptures. There were originally three Vedas-the Laws of Manu always speaks of the three, as do the oldest (Mukhya) Upanishads-but a later work called the Atharvaveda has been added to these, to now constitute the fourth. The name Rigveda signifies "Veda of verses," from rig, a spoken stanza; Samaveda, the "Veda of chants," from saman, a song or chant; Yajurveda, the "Veda of sacrificial formulas," from yajus, a sacrificial text. The Atharvaveda derives its name from the sage Atharvan, who is represented as a Prajapati, the edlest son of Brahma, and who is said to have been the first to institute the fire-sacrifices. The complex nature of the Vedas and the array of texts associated with them may be briefly outlined as follows: "The Rig-Veda is the original work, the Yajur-Veda and Sama-Veda in their mantric portions are different arrangements of its hymns for special purposes. The Vedas are divided into two parts, the Mantra and Brahmana. The Mantra part is composed of suktas (hymns in verse); the Brahmana part consists of liturgical, ritualistic, exegetical, and mystic treatises in prose. The Mantra or verse portion is considered more ancient than the prose works; and the books in which the hymns are collected are called samhitas (collections). More or less closely connected with the Brahmanans (and in a few exceptional cases with the Mantra part) are two classes of treatises in prose and verse called Aranyaka and Upanishad. The Vedic writings are again divided into two great divisions, exoteric and esoteric, the former called the karma-kanda (the section of works) and the latter the jnana-kanda (section of wisdom)." (Encyclopedic Theosophical Glossary) The great antiquity of the Vedas is sufficiently proven by the fact that they are written in such an ancient form of Sanskrit, so different from the Sanskrit now used, that there is no other work like them in the literature of this "eldest sister" of all the known languages, as Prof. Max Muller calls it. Only the most learned of the Brahman Pundits can read the Vedas in their original. Furthermore, the Vedas cannot be viewed as singular works by singular authors, but rather as compilations, assembled over a great and unknown period of time. "Almost every hymn or division of a Veda is ascribed to various authors. It is generally believed that these subdivisions were revealed orally to the rishis or sages whose respective names they bear; hence the body of the Veda is known as sruti (what was heard) or divine revelation. The very names of these Vedic sages, such as Vasishtha, Visvamitra, and Narada, all of which belong to men born in far distant ages, shows that millennia must have elapsed between the different dates of their composition." (Encyclopedic Theosophical Glossary) It is generally agreed that the Vedas were finally arranged and compiled around fourteen centuries before our era; but this interferes in no way with their great antiquity, as they are acknowledged to have been long taught and passed down orally, perhaps for thousands of years, perhaps for far longer, before being finally compiled and recorded (the latter is traditionally said to have occurred on the shores of Lake Manasarovara, beyond the Himalayas).