Genre : Political Science
Editor : Routledge
Release : 2016-09-16
ISBN-13 : 9781315291758
Hardcover : 252 Pages


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The Kwangju Uprising that occurred in May 1980 is burned into the minds of South Koreans in much the same way that Tiananmen is burned into the minds of contemporary Chinese. As the world watched in horror following the assassination of President Park Chung Hee, student protesters were brutally suppressed by the military and police led by strongman Chun Doo Hwan. Kim Dae Jung, the current president of South Korea, was imprisoned and sentenced to death during this period. This book recreates those earth-shaking events through eyewitness reports of leading Western correspondents on the scene as well as Korean participants and observers. Photographs, detailed street maps, and dramatic woodblock prints further illuminate the day-to-day drama to keep this atrocity alive in the conscience of the world.

Contentious Kwangju by Ki-uk Sin

Genre : History
Editor : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2003
ISBN-13 : 0742519627
Hardcover : 159 Pages


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One of the largest political protests in contemporary Korean history, the May 1980 Kwangju Uprising still exerts a profound, often contested, influence in Korean society. Through a deft combination of personal reflections and academic analysis, Contentious Kwangju offers a comprehensive examination of the multiple, shifting meanings of this seminal event and explains how the memory of Kwangju has affected Korean life from politics to culture. The first half of the book offers highly personal perspectives on the details of the uprising itself, including the Citizens' Army, the fleeting days of Kwangju citizen autonomy, the activities of American missionaries, and the aftermath following the uprising's suppression by government forces. The second half provides a wide-ranging scholarly assessment of the impact of Kwangju in South Korea, from democratization and the fate of survivors to regional identity and popular culture, concluding with an examination of Kwangju's significance in the larger flow of modern Korean history. In keeping with the book's title, the essays offer competing interpretations of the Kwangju Uprising, yet together provide the most thorough English-language treatment to date of the multifaceted, sweeping significance of this pivotal event.

Genre :
Editor : DIANE Publishing
Release :
ISBN-13 : 1428981225
Hardcover : Pages


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The Gwangju Uprising by Chŏng-un Chʻoe

Genre : Korea (South)
Editor : Homa & Sekey Books
Release : 2006
ISBN-13 : 9781931907293
Hardcover : 326 Pages


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This book explores the implications of the Gwangju Democratic Uprising, which took place in May 1980 when paratroopers brutally broke up a group of protesters who demonstrated against General Chun Doohwan's acceptance of the Korean presidency. People who lived in the Gwangju and South Jeolla provinces fought the paratroopers, insisting that martial law be abolished. During the event now known as the Gwangju Uprising, 191 people perished and 852 were wounded. Here, Choi Jung-woon explores the ramifications of this pivotal day in Korea's modern history on the country's society, economy and politics. Rather than give a traditional historical narrative of the event, he gives an indepth analysis of the participants' mentalities and incentives, and the type of the brutality involved in the uprising. He also examines the stages the participants went through during the uprising, from the calm and togetherness they felt before the event, to the uprising's turmoil and then a return to peace after the event. The author analyzes various discourses related to the uprising, looking into the ideological underpinnings of those who commented on the uprising. labor movements and political relationships in Korea.

Memories Of May 1980 by Sang-yong Chŏng

Genre : Korea (South)
Editor :
Release : 2003
ISBN-13 : UCSD:31822029605193
Hardcover : 432 Pages


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The Kwangju Uprising by Donald N Clark

Genre : History
Editor : Westview Press
Release : 1988-01-04
ISBN-13 : UCSD:31822003226537
Hardcover : 101 Pages


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"The Kwangju Uprising of May 1980 began as a protest against Chun Doo Hwan's emerging military rule and grew into a full-scale popular rebellion that included people from all strata of society. When Black Beret paratroopers were dispatched to break up the early protests, public outrage forced them to withdraw. Chun, by pulling regular army troops from the Seoul area, was able to re-invade the city and crush the revolt. estimates of deaths range from 191 to over 2,000. Chun and his generals continue to blame the event on "impure elements" and communist influence, but Korean citizens have never forgiven them for using guns on their own people. Chun's political legitimacy has been crippled by Kwangju, and the opposition has used it effectively as a rallying point. U.S. policy also has been affected, for Koreans remember that the troops Chun used to crush the Kwangju uprising were part of the U.S.-Korean joint defense structure technically under the command of the U.S. general in Seoul. U.S. acquiescence in the use of military force in Kwangju has stimulated rising anti-Americanism in South Korea and poses problems for the future of the alliance. This interdisciplinary study is the first to present a balanced view of this emotion-laden event and its continuing impact on Korean politics. The book includes an eyewitness account by an anthropologist, a literary assessment, and a historian's analysis of recent interviews with the two top U.S. officials on the scene, Ambassador William Gleysteen and General John A. Wixckham."--

Genre : Korea (South)
Editor :
Release : 1998
ISBN-13 : OCLC:42705162
Hardcover : 146 Pages


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Many scholars and journalists point to the tragic events that occurred in the Kwangju Popular Uprising as a pronounced materialization of the dependent nature of the relationship between U.S. and South Korea. However, this position ignores that perceptions of American complicity in the Kwangju tragedy were constructed and molded by the personal greed and ambition of Chun Doo Hwan's military regime, which effectively censored the media and intelligence agencies reporting from South Korea. This regime used the media to construct the viewpoint that the U.S. was only interested in the stability of the region, and that the U.S. actively supported the actions of the new regime. Chun's regime frequently excluded and distorted U.S. official statements to further amplify this misconstrued image. In addition, Chun removed all personnel affiliated with the liaison channels of the Korean government and replaced them with people loyal to him. In other words, he effectively controlled all intelligence, diplomatic, and military communication channels and proceeded to manipulate the Carter administration into viewing Korea from a perspective advantageous to serve his own political purposes. Media censorship had a profound effect on the Korean general public and the control of intelligence outflow led to distorted decision-making processes in Washington. Consequently, the failure of the U.S. to escape manipulation by the Chun regime reached its peak during the Kwangju massacre, which can be directly attributed to the rise in anti-Americanism.

Genre : Kwangju Uprising, Kwangju-si, Korea, 1980
Editor : 다해
Release : 2000
ISBN-13 : UCSD:31822033455536
Hardcover : 340 Pages


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Korea On The Brink by John Adams Wickham

Genre : Korea (South)
Editor :
Release : 1999
ISBN-13 : UIUC:30112041255172
Hardcover : 240 Pages


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Korea On The Brink by John A. Wickham

Genre :
Editor : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2001-04
ISBN-13 : 0756707978
Hardcover : Pages


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In the fall of 1979, the assassination of South Korea's President, and the events that followed, created a difficult dilemma for America. The combined forces of the U.S. and Rep. of Korea faced a hostile and dangerous N. Korea that had large forces deployed along the demilitarized zone. With the 40,000 American troops in Korea, the U.S. wanted to ensure the safety and ability to deter , and to foster economic development, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law in S. Korea. This book explains how Park's death threatened these goals and provides insights into the role that American military commanders played during a period of intrigue and danger to U.S. security interests.