Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter Genre: Art and music Publisher: Penguin Group(CA) ISBN: 0140289208 Book Pages: 832 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
'What is a self and how can a self come out of inanimate matter?' This is the riddle that drove Douglas Hofstadter to write this extraordinary book. In order to impart his original and personal view on the core mystery of human existence - our intangible sensation of 'I'-ness - Hofstadter defines the playful yet seemingly paradoxical notion of 'strange loop', and explicates this idea using analogies from many disciplines.
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter Genre: Philosophy Publisher: Basic Books ISBN: 9780465008377 Book Pages: 436 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
Can thought arise out of matter? Can self, soul, consciousness, “I” arise out of mere matter? If it cannot, then how can you or I be here? I Am a Strange Loop argues that the key to understanding selves and consciousness is the “strange loop”—a special kind of abstract feedback loop inhabiting our brains. The most central and complex symbol in your brain is the one called “I.” The “I” is the nexus in our brain, one of many symbols seeming to have free will and to have gained the paradoxical ability to push particles around, rather than the reverse. How can a mysterious abstraction be real—or is our “I” merely a convenient fiction? Does an “I” exert genuine power over the particles in our brain, or is it helplessly pushed around by the laws of physics? These are the mysteries tackled in I Am a Strange Loop, Douglas Hofstadter's first book-length journey into philosophy since Gödel, Escher, Bach. Compulsively readable and endlessly thought-provoking, this is a moving and profound inquiry into the nature of mind.
Author: Rebecca Goldstein Genre: Biography & Autobiography Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company ISBN: 9780393327601 Book Pages: 296 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
A portrait of the eminent twentieth-century mathematician discusses his theorem of incompleteness, relationships with such contemporaries as Albert Einstein, and untimely death as a result of mental instability and self-starvation.
Author: Douglas Hofstadter Genre: Philosophy Publisher: Basic Books ISBN: 9780465021581 Book Pages: 592 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
Is there one central mechanism upon which all human thinking rests? Cognitive scientists Douglas Hofstadter and Emmanuel Sander argue that there is. At this core is our incessant proclivity to take what we perceive, to abstract it, and to find resemblances to prior experiences--in other words, our ability to make analogies. In The Essence of Thought, Hofstadter and Sander show how analogy-making pervades our thought at all levels--indeed, that we make analogies not once a day or once an hour, but many times per second. Thus, analogy is the mechanism that, silently and hidden, chooses our words and phrases for us when we speak, frames how we understand the most banal everyday situation, guides us in unfamiliar situations, and gives rise to great acts of imagination. We categorize because of analogies that range from simple to subtle, and thus our categories, throughout our lives, expand and grow ever more fluid. Through examples galore and lively prose peppered, needless to say, with analogies large and small, Hofstadter and Sander offer us a new way of thinking about thinking.
Author: Kurt Gödel Genre: Mathematics Publisher: Courier Corporation ISBN: 9780486158402 Book Pages: 80 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
First English translation of revolutionary paper (1931) that established that even in elementary parts of arithmetic, there are propositions which cannot be proved or disproved within the system. Introduction by R. B. Braithwaite.
Author: Frank Northen Magill Genre: Poetry Publisher: Salem PressInc ISBN: 089356480X Book Pages: 441 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
318 works of important 20th century nonfiction receive the Masterplots treatment. This series includes contributions from authors worldwide in the areas of autobiography, memoirs, philosophy, anthropology, psychology and other subjects written for the non-specialist reader. Examples of titles include Richard Wright's Black Boy and Norman Mailer's Of a Fire on the Moon. As in all Masterplots II series, there is no duplication of title, within any other Masterplots collection.
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter Genre: Philosophy Publisher: Basic Books (AZ) ISBN: 0465030912 Book Pages: 501 Format: PDF, ePub & Mobi
Essays from some of the 20th century's greatest thinkers explore topics as diverse as artificial intelligence, evolution, science fiction, philosophy, reductionism, and consciousness, presenting a variety of conflicting visions of the self and the soul. Illustrations.