Felony and the Guilty Mind in Medieval England

Felony and the Guilty Mind in Medieval England
Available:
Author: Elizabeth Papp Kamali
Pages: 350
ISBN: 9781108498791
Release: 2019-08
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Explores the role of criminal intent in constituting felony in the first two centuries of the English criminal trial jury.

Felony and the Guilty Mind in Medieval England

Felony and the Guilty Mind in Medieval England
Available:
Author: Elizabeth Papp Kamali
Pages: 352
ISBN: 1108712746
Release: 2020-07-09
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book explores the role of mens rea, broadly defined as a factor in jury assessments of guilt and innocence from the early thirteenth through the fourteenth century - the first two centuries of the English criminal trial jury. Drawing upon evidence from the plea rolls, but also relying heavily upon non-legal textual sources such as popular literature and guides for confessors, Elizabeth Papp Kamali argues that issues of mind were central to jurors' determinations of whether a particular defendant should be convicted, pardoned, or acquitted outright. Demonstrating that the word 'felony' itself connoted a guilty state of mind, she explores the interplay between social conceptions of guilt and innocence and jury behavior. Furthermore, she reveals a medieval understanding of felony that involved, in its paradigmatic form, three essential elements: an act that was reasoned, was willed in a way not constrained by necessity, and was evil or wicked in its essence.

Arthur in Early Welsh Poetry

Arthur in Early Welsh Poetry
Available:
Author: Nerys Ann Jones
Pages: 248
ISBN: 9781781889084
Release: 2019-07-12
Editor: MHRA

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

For over a thousand years, Arthur has had widespread appeal and influence like no other literary character or historical figure. Yet, despite the efforts of modern scholars, the earliest references to Arthurian characters are still shrouded in uncertainty. They are mostly found in poetic texts scattered throughout the four great compilations of early and medieval Welsh literature produced between 1250 and 1350. Whilst some are thought to predate their manuscript sources by several centuries, many of these poems are notoriously difficult to date. None of them are narrative in nature and very few focus solely on Arthurian material but they are characterised by an allusiveness which would have been appreciated by their intended audiences in the courts of princes and noblemen the length and breadth of Wales. They portray Arthur in a variety of roles: as a great leader of armies, a warrior with extraordinary powers, slayer of magical creatures, rescuer of prisoners from the Otherworld, a poet and the subject of prophecy. They also testify to the possibility of lost tales about him, his father, Uthr, his son, Llachau, his wife, Gwenhwyfar, and one of his companions, Cai, and associate him with a wide array of both legendary and historical figures. Arthur in Early Welsh Poetry, the fourth volume in the MHRA Library of Medieval Welsh Literature series, provides discussion of each of the references to Arthurian characters in early Welsh poetic sources together with an image from the earliest manuscript, a transliteration, a comprehensive edition, a translation (where possible) and a word-list. The nine most significant texts are interpreted in more detail with commentary on metrical, linguistic and stylistic features.

Maintenance in Medieval England

Maintenance in Medieval England
Available:
Author: Jonathan Rose
Pages: 200
ISBN: 9781107043985
Release: 2017-06-22
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Identifying for the first time the true nature of maintenance, this study uses primary sources to reach new findings on its lawfulness.

The Medieval Way of War

The Medieval Way of War
Available:
Author: Gregory I. Halfond
Pages: 348
ISBN: 9781472419606
Release: 2015-03-28
Editor: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Few historians have argued so forcefully or persuasively as Bernard S. Bachrach for the study of warfare as not only worthy of scholarly attention, but demanding of it. In his many publications Bachrach has established unequivocally the relevance of military institutions and activity for an understanding of medieval European societies, polities, and mentalities. In so doing, as much as any scholar of his generation, he has helped to define the status quaestionis for the field of medieval military history. The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach pays tribute to its honoree by gathering in a single volume seventeen original studies from an international roster of leading experts in the military history of medieval Europe. Ranging chronologically from Late Antiquity through the Later Middle Ages (ca. AD 300-1500), and with a broad geographical scope stretching from the British Isles to the Middle East, these diverse studies address an array of critical themes and debates relevant to the conduct of war in medieval Europe. These themes include the formation and implementation of military grand strategies; the fiscal, material, and administrative resources that underpinned the conduct of war in medieval Europe; and religious, legal, and artistic responses to military violence. Collectively, these seventeen studies embrace the interdisciplinarity and topical diversity intrinsic to Bachrach’s research. Additionally, they strongly echo his conviction that the study of armed conflict is indispensable for an accurate and comprehensive understanding of medieval European history.

Stones of Hope

Stones of Hope
Available:
Author: Lucie White,Jeremy Perelman
Pages: 249
ISBN: 9780804769204
Release: 2011
Editor: Stanford University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Stones of Hope shows how African human rights activists have opened new possibilities for justice in the everyday lives of the world's most impoverished peoples.

Law in Common

Law in Common
Available:
Author: Tom Johnson
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780191088476
Release: 2019-12-12
Editor: Oxford University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

There were tens of thousands of different local law-courts in late-medieval England, providing the most common forums for the working out of disputes and the making of decisions about local governance. While historians have long studied these institutions, there have been very few attempts to understand this complex institutional form of 'legal pluralism'. Law in Common provides a way of understanding this complexity by drawing out broader patterns of legal engagement. Tom Johnson first explores four 'local legal cultures' - in the countryside, in forests, in towns and cities, and in the maritime world- that grew up around legal institutions, landscapes, and forms of socio-economic practice in these places, and produced distinctive senses of law. Johnson then turns to examine 'common legalities', widespread forms of social practice that emerge across these different localities, through which people aimed to invoke the power of law. Through studies of the physical landscape, the production of legitimate knowledge, the emergence of English as a legal vernacular, and the proliferation of legal documents, the volume offers a new way to understand how common people engaged with law in the course of their everyday lives. Drawing on a huge body of archival research from the plenitude of different local institutions, Law in Common offers a new social history of law that aims to explain how common people negotiated the transformational changes of the long fifteenth century with, and through legality.

Chivalry in Medieval England

Chivalry in Medieval England
Available:
Author: Nigel Saul
Pages: 438
ISBN: 0674063686
Release: 2011-10-15
Editor: Harvard University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Popular views of medieval chivalry—knights in shining armor, fair ladies, banners fluttering from battlements—were inherited from the nineteenth-century Romantics. This is the first book to explore chivalry’s place within a wider history of medieval England, from the Norman Conquest to the aftermath of Henry VII’s triumph in the Wars of the Roses.

Law and Society in Later Medieval England and Ireland

Law and Society in Later Medieval England and Ireland
Available:
Author: Travis R. Baker
Pages: 280
ISBN: 9781317107767
Release: 2017-09-22
Editor: Routledge

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Law mattered in later medieval England and Ireland. A quick glance at the sources suggests as much. From the charter to the will to the court roll, the majority of the documents which have survived from later medieval England and Ireland, and medieval Europe in general, are legal in nature. Yet despite the fact that law played a prominent role in medieval society, legal history has long been a marginal subject within medieval studies both in Britain and North America. Much good work has been done in this field, but there is much still to do. This volume, a collection of essays in honour of Paul Brand, who has contributed perhaps more than any other historian to our understanding of the legal developments of later medieval England and Ireland, is intended to help fill this gap. The essays collected in this volume, which range from the twelfth to the sixteenth century, offer the latest research on a variety of topics within this field of inquiry. While some consider familiar topics, they do so from new angles, whether by exploring the underlying assumptions behind England’s adoption of trial by jury for crime or by assessing the financial aspects of the General Eyre, a core institution of jurisdiction in twelfth- and thirteenth-century England. Most, however, consider topics which have received little attention from scholars, from the significance of judges and lawyers smiling and laughing in the courtroom to the profits and perils of judicial office in English Ireland. The essays provide new insights into how the law developed and functioned within the legal profession and courtroom in late medieval England and Ireland, as well as how it pervaded the society at large.

Pirates and Publishers

Pirates and Publishers
Available:
Author: Fei-Hsien Wang
Pages: 368
ISBN: 9780691195414
Release: 2019-10-01
Editor: Princeton University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

A detailed historical look at how copyright was negotiated and protected by authors, publishers, and the state in late imperial and modern China In Pirates and Publishers, Fei-Hsien Wang reveals the unknown social and cultural history of copyright in China from the 1890s through the 1950s, a time of profound sociopolitical changes. Wang draws on a vast range of previously underutilized archival sources to show how copyright was received, appropriated, and practiced in China, within and beyond the legal institutions of the state. Contrary to common belief, copyright was not a problematic doctrine simply imposed on China by foreign powers with little regard for Chinese cultural and social traditions. Shifting the focus from the state legislation of copyright to the daily, on-the-ground negotiations among Chinese authors, publishers, and state agents, Wang presents a more dynamic, nuanced picture of the encounter between Chinese and foreign ideas and customs. Developing multiple ways for articulating their understanding of copyright, Chinese authors, booksellers, and publishers played a crucial role in its growth and eventual institutionalization in China. These individuals enforced what they viewed as copyright to justify their profit, protect their books, and crack down on piracy in a changing knowledge economy. As China transitioned from a late imperial system to a modern state, booksellers and publishers created and maintained their own economic rules and regulations when faced with the absence of an effective legal framework. Exploring how copyright was transplanted, adopted, and practiced, Pirates and Publishers demonstrates the pivotal roles of those who produce and circulate knowledge.

Victorian Political Culture

Victorian Political Culture
Available:
Author: Angus Hawkins
Pages: 428
ISBN: 9780198728481
Release: 2015
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Victorian Britain is often described as an age of dawning democracy and as an exemplar of the modern Liberal state; yet a hereditary monarchy, a hereditary House of Lords, and an established Anglican Church survived as influential aspects of national public life with traditional elites assuming redefined roles. After 1832, constitutional notions of 'mixed government' gradually gave way to the orthodoxy of 'parliamentary government', shaping the function and nature of political parties in Westminster and the constituencies, as well as the relations between them. Following the 1867-8 Reform Acts, national political parties began to replace the premises of 'parliamentary government'. The subsequent emergence of a mass male electorate in the 1880s and 1890s prompted politicians to adopt new language and methods by which to appeal to voters, while enduring public values associated with morality, community and evocations of the past continued to shape Britain's distinctive political culture. This gave a particularly conservative trajectory to the nation's entry into the twentieth century. This study of British political culture from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century examines the public values that informed perceptions of the constitution, electoral activity, party partisanship, and political organization. Its exploration of Victorian views of status, power, and authority as revealed in political language, speeches, and writing, as well as theology, literature, and science, shows how the development of moral communities rooted in readings of the past enabled politicians to manage far-reaching change. This presents a new over-arching perspective on the constitutional and political transformations of the Victorian age.

Mar a de Molina Queen and Regent

Mar  a de Molina  Queen and Regent
Available:
Author: Paulette Lynn Pepin
Pages: 200
ISBN: 9781498505901
Release: 2016-03-08
Editor: Lexington Books

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This biography of Queen María de Molina explores her life and demonstrates the collective exercise of her power and authority as a monarchical queen. The author details her resilient determination as queen and later as regent, her partnership with King Sancho IV, and her struggle to provide peace and stability in the Kingdom of Castile-León.

Armed with Swords Scales

Armed with Swords   Scales
Available:
Author: Sascha Auerbach
Pages: 336
ISBN: 9781108491556
Release: 2021-02-28
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Explores how local courtrooms have been a common feature of everyday life and culture since the eighteenth century.

Kings Lords and Courts in Anglo Norman England

Kings  Lords and Courts in Anglo Norman England
Available:
Author: Nicholas Karn
Pages: 271
ISBN: 1783274867
Release: 2020-01-17
Editor: Boydell Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

First study of the origins of the lordship courts that dominated the lives of the peasantry of medieval England.

Priests of the Law

Priests of the Law
Available:
Author: Thomas J. McSweeney
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9780198845454
Release: 2019-11-21
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Priests of the Law tells the story of the first people in the history of the common law to think of themselves as legal professionals. In the middle decades of the thirteenth century, a group of justices working in the English royal courts spent a great deal of time thinking and writing about what it meant to be a person who worked in the law courts. This book examines the justices who wrote the treatise known as Bracton. Written and re-written between the 1220s and the 1260s, Bracton is considered one of the great treatises of the early common law and is still occasionally cited by judges and lawyers when they want to make the case that a particular rule goes back to the beginning of the common law. This book looks to Bracton less for what it can tell us about the law of the thirteenth century, however, than for what it can tell us about the judges who wrote it. The judges who wrote Bracton - Martin of Pattishall, William of Raleigh, and Henry of Bratton - were some of the first people to work full-time in England's royal courts, at a time when there was no recourse to an obvious model for the legal professional. They found one in an unexpected place: they sought to clothe themselves in the authority and prestige of the scholarly Roman-law tradition that was sweeping across Europe in the thirteenth century, modelling themselves on the jurists of Roman law who were teaching in European universities. In Bracton and other texts they produced, the justices of the royal courts worked hard to ensure that the nascent common-law tradition grew from Roman Law. Through their writing, this small group of people, working in the courts of an island realm, imagined themselves to be part of a broader European legal culture. They made the case that they were not merely servants of the king: they were priests of the law.

Taming the Past

Taming the Past
Available:
Author: Robert W. Gordon
Pages: 444
ISBN: 9781107193239
Release: 2017-06-30
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Lawyers and judges often make arguments based on history - on the authority of precedent and original constitutional understandings. They argue both to preserve the inspirational, heroic past and to discard its darker pieces - such as feudalism and slavery, the tyranny of princes and priests, and the subordination of women. In doing so, lawyers tame the unruly, ugly, embarrassing elements of the past, smoothing them into reassuring tales of progress. In a series of essays and lectures written over forty years, Robert W. Gordon describes and analyses how lawyers approach the past and the strategies they use to recruit history for present use while erasing or keeping at bay its threatening or inconvenient aspects. Together, the corpus of work featured in Taming the Past offers an analysis of American law and society and its leading historians since 1900.

Town Courts and Urban Society in Late Medieval England 1250 1500

Town Courts and Urban Society in Late Medieval England  1250 1500
Available:
Author: Richard Goddard,Teresa Phipps
Pages: 263
ISBN: 1783274255
Release: 2019
Editor: Unknown

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

First full analysis of the rich records surviving from medieval English town courts.

Ibadi Muslims of North Africa

Ibadi Muslims of North Africa
Available:
Author: Paul M. Love, Jr
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9781108472500
Release: 2018-09-30
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Combining manuscript analysis with digital tools to show how people and books worked together to build a religious tradition in North Africa.

Doubt in Islamic Law

Doubt in Islamic Law
Available:
Author: Intisar A. Rabb
Pages: 432
ISBN: 9781107080997
Release: 2014-12-31
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book considers the rarely studied but pervasive concepts of doubt that medieval Muslim jurists used to resolve problematic criminal cases.

Crime And Punishment In England

Crime And Punishment In England
Available:
Author: John Briggs,Christopher Harrison,Angus McInnes,David Vincent,Professor of Social History David Vincent
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9781135369767
Release: 2005-10-05
Editor: Routledge

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This survey of crime in ENgland from the medieval period to the present day synthesizes case-study and local-level material and standardizes the debates and issues for the student reader.