E Pluribus Unum
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|Author||: W. C. Harris|
|Editor||: University of Iowa Press|
“Out of many, one.” But how do the many become one without sacrificing difference or autonomy? This problem was critical to both identity formation and state formation in late 18th- and 19th-century America. The premise of this book is that American writers of the time came to view the resolution of this central philosophical problem as no longer the exclusive province of legislative or judicial documents but capable of being addressed by literary texts as well. The project of E Pluribus Unum is twofold. Its first and underlying concern is the general philosophic problem of the one and the many as it came to be understood at the time. W. C. Harris supplies a detailed account of the genealogy of the concept, exploring both its applications and its paradoxes as a basis for state and identity formation. Harris then considers the perilous integration of the one and the many as a motive in the major literary accomplishments of 19th-century U.S. writers. Drawing upon critical as well as historical resources and upon contexts as diverse as cosmology, epistemology, poetics, politics, and Bible translation, he discusses attempts by Poe, Whitman, Melville, and William James to resolve the problems of social construction caused by the paradox of e pluribus unum by writing literary and philosophical texts that supplement the nation’s political founding documents. Poe (Eureka), Whitman (Leaves of Grass), Melville (Billy Budd), and William James (The Varieties of Religious Experience) provide their own distinct, sometimes contradictory resolutions to the conflicting demands of diversity and unity, equality and hierarchy. Each of these texts understands literary and philosophical writing as having the potential to transform-conceptually or actually-the construction of social order. This work will be of great interest to literary and constitutional scholars.
|Author||: David Schnicke|
|Editor||: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag|
The most popular American myth is a mystery. Its cultural significance is incontestable, yet hard to grasp. What is its essence? What kind of portrayals and manifestations may be discovered? And how does the myth relate to modern US-American culture? Hollywood's movie industry and Barack Obama's presidential campaign constitute two remarkable contexts which reveal the American Dream's scope of relevance and diversity of meaning. At the same time, they also expose how conformably the myth may be applied to seemingly diverging scenarios: E Pluribus Unum - Out of Many, One. In his study, David Schnicke explores the myth's historic milestones, contemporary role, and strategic utilization in reality and fiction by analyzing exemplary Hollywood productions and decisive traits and momentums of the Obama campaign. In the process, the reader gains a profound understanding of how to navigate through a narrative system so powerful in Western thinking, that its complexity is more than once concealed by its pellucid guise.
|Author||: William E. Nelson|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
The colonies that comprised pre-revolutionary America had thirteen legal systems and governments. Given their diversity, how did they evolve into a single nation? In E Pluribus Unum, the eminent legal historian William E. Nelson explains how this diverse array of legal orders gradually converged over time, laying the groundwork for the founding of the United States. From their inception, the colonies exercised a range of approaches to the law. For instance, while New England based its legal system around the word of God, Maryland followed the common law tradition, and New York adhered to Dutch law. Over time, though, the British crown standardized legal procedure in an effort to more uniformly and efficiently exert control over the Empire. But, while the common law emerged as the dominant system across the colonies, its effects were far from what English rulers had envisioned. E Pluribus Unum highlights the political context in which the common law developed and how it influenced the United States Constitution. In practice, the triumph of the common law over competing approaches gave lawyers more authority than governing officials. By the end of the eighteenth century, many colonial legal professionals began to espouse constitutional ideology that would mature into the doctrine of judicial review. In turn, laypeople came to accept constitutional doctrine by the time of independence in 1776. Ultimately, Nelson shows that the colonies' gradual embrace of the common law was instrumental to the establishment of the United States. Not simply a masterful legal history of colonial America, Nelson's magnum opus fundamentally reshapes our understanding of the sources of both the American Revolution and the Founding.
|Author||: Marvin Blake|
|Editor||: Page Publishing Inc|
E Pluribus Unum: (From Many...One) is an epic story (1861-1876) chronicling the lives of two individuals. One a black man, Jason Ruth, born into a life of perpetual slavery; the other was a white woman, Rebecca Billings, the daughter of Henry Billings, master of the Rosewood Plantation, born into a pampered life of privilege as a member of the Southern aristocracy. Two people-one black, the other white-whose preordained statuses in life were at diametrically opposite ends of the South's Antebell
|Author||: Gary Gerstle,John Mollenkopf|
|Editor||: Russell Sage Foundation|
The political involvement of earlier waves of immigrants and their children was essential in shaping the American political climate in the first half of the twentieth century. Immigrant votes built industrial trade unions, fought for social protections and religious tolerance, and helped bring the Democratic Party to dominance in large cities throughout the country. In contrast, many scholars find that today's immigrants, whose numbers are fast approaching those of the last great wave, are politically apathetic and unlikely to assume a similar voice in their chosen country. E Pluribus Unum? delves into the wealth of research by historians of the Ellis Island era and by social scientists studying today's immigrants and poses a crucial question: What can the nation's past experience teach us about the political path modern immigrants and their children will take as Americans? E Pluribus Unum? explores key issues about the incorporation of immigrants into American public life, examining the ways that institutional processes, civic ideals, and cultural identities have shaped the political aspirations of immigrants. The volume presents some surprising re-assessments of the past as it assesses what may happen in the near future. An examination of party bosses and the party machine concludes that they were less influential political mobilizers than is commonly believed. Thus their absence from today's political scene may not be decisive. Some contributors argue that the contemporary political system tends to exclude immigrants, while others remind us that past immigrants suffered similar exclusions, achieving political power only after long and difficult struggles. Will the strong home country ties of today's immigrants inhibit their political interest here? Chapters on this topic reveal that transnationalism has always been prominent in the immigrant experience, and that today's immigrants may be even freer to act as dual citizens. E Pluribus Unum? theorizes about the fate of America's civic ethos—has it devolved from an ideal of liberal individualism to a fractured multiculturalism, or have we always had a culture of racial and ethnic fragmentation? Research in this volume shows that today's immigrant schoolchildren are often less concerned with ideals of civic responsibility than with forging their own identity and finding their own niche within the American system of racial and ethnic distinction. Incorporating the significant influx immigrants into American society is a central challenge for our civic and political institutions—one that cuts to the core of who we are as a people and as a nation. E Pluribus Unum? shows that while today's immigrants and their children are in some ways particularly vulnerable to political alienation, the process of assimilation was equally complex for earlier waves of immigrants. This past has much to teach us about the way immigration is again reshaping the nation.
|Author||: Forrest McDonald|
|Editor||: Liberty Fund|
Having won independence from England, America faced a new question: Would this be politically one nation, or would it not? E Pluribus Unum is a spirited look at how that question came to be answered. Forrest McDonald is Professor Emeritus of American History at the University of Alabama and author of States' Rights and the Union.
|Author||: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Hispanics in the United States|
|Editor||: National Academies Press|
Given current demographic trends, nearly one in five U.S. residents will be of Hispanic origin by 2025. This major demographic shift and its implications for both the United States and the growing Hispanic population make Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies a most timely book. This report from the National Research Council describes how Hispanics are transforming the country as they disperse geographically. It considers their roles in schools, in the labor market, in the health care system, and in U.S. politics. The book looks carefully at the diverse populations encompassed by the term â€œHispanic,â€ representing immigrants and their children and grandchildren from nearly two dozen Spanish-speaking countries. It describes the trajectory of the younger generations and established residents, and it projects long-term trends in population aging, social disparities, and social mobility that have shaped and will shape the Hispanic experience.
|Author||: Sophia A. Nelson|
|Editor||: Center Street|
OUR FOUNDERS understood that America was the greatest experiment on earth. And they sealed it with these words: E pluribus Unum: "Out of Many We Are One." "America is the story of us. And us isn't doing so great right now." Says award winning journalist and author Sophia A. Nelson. Coming on the heels of the raucous and divisive 2016 general election campaign, Nelson attempts to give the nation an inspirational charge and lift by helping us to reclaim our founders' vision for a united and strong America. Nelson reminds us that "we the people" are charged by our founders' to cherish life, liberty, freedom and equality, as well as to safeguard the nation from intrusive governance. The founders' also charged our leaders to be moral, virtuous, patriotic servants of the people. In this groundbreaking book, Nelson challenges us to live out the call of our founding: We are ONE America. We are ONE People. We are ONE nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all. Pulling from our founding fathers' core principles of liberty, citizenship, morals, virtues, civic engagement, equality, self-governance, and, when required, civil disobedience, Nelson calls us to a higher standard. She calls us to purpose. And she calls us to rediscover the things that unite us, not divide us. One is a book that all Americans, regardless of political party, race, religion, or gender can embrace and share with their children and grandchildren for generations. It is a reminder simply of what makes America great and what makes us the envy of the world. Alexis de Tocqueville said it best: "America is great because America is good. If America ever ceases to be good, it will cease to be great." Nelson takes us on a historical, yet very inspirational journey of not just our founding values, but the men and women who walked them out and brought America to be the great light it is in the world over the past 240 years.
|Author||: Sophia A. Nelson|
|Editor||: Center Street|
An award-winning national opinion writer, journalist Sophia A. Nelson, Esq., offers a way forward for America to come back together again in the vision and spirit of our nation's founding principles. In the midst of national division, heated political rhetoric, and protests in our streets, award-winning author and former White House reporter Sophia A. Nelson offers us a way forward as the nation prepares to inaugurate a new President and a new national agenda for America. In her latest non-fiction book, Nelson takes us on a historical journey through the principles, codes, and virtues upon which we were founded, and she calls on Americans to be inspired once again. To be hopeful once again. To be engaged once again. And to be united once again. This book is a modern-day manifesto of citizenship and leadership that is written for the entire American family. Part Profiles in Courage, part The Book of Virtues, Nelson has created a fascinating, non-partisan, and honest look at America's founding-and not just our Founding Fathers, but the amazing men and women who followed them for over 240 years, to make America the great nation we were called to be. She offers 8 Citizen Codes of engagement and 7 Leadership Codes of service, with a bonus essay on the Second Amendment, and how those on both sides of the issue can honor the Constitution. Nelson challenges readers to get reconnected and re-engaged; to answer the call of service and of unity; and to demand more of those who seek our votes, as we work toward a more perfect union. Readers will be energized and motivated to focus on our Oneness in a way that they have not since our great democratic republic was formed in 1776.
|Author||: Jack Citrin,David O. Sears|
|Editor||: Cambridge University Press|
This book uses national public opinion data and public opinion data from Los Angeles to compare ethnic differences in patriotism and ethnic identity and ethnic differences in support for multicultural norms and group-conscious policies. The authors find evidence of strong patriotism among all groups and the classic pattern of assimilation among the new wave of immigrants.
|Author||: Jal Mehta|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press|
Explores why reformers from both the left and right have repeatedly placed such high hopes in these reforms and why teachers and schools have been unable to resist these external reformers.
|Author||: D. A. Levy|
|Author||: John Crum|
|Editor||: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform|
What is an American? An Australian reporter once chastised his own editor for using the phrase, "typical American." "You cannot pick an American out of a crowd, until you begin a discussion of liberty, freedom, religion, equality, democracy, and capitalism." Those six words, which we constantly struggle to define and to apply to our everyday life, define Americans. That is the Unum of our E Pluribus Unum, our American Identity. Designed for the college survey course and the U.S. History Advanced Placement course, this text is especially useful for teaching conceptual understanding. Each chapter is a potential essay or DBQ question. This text contains neither maps nor pictures. Both are readily available on the Internet. By using additional primary and secondary documents, students should conceptually understand both the discipline of history and the major forces that created the United States, our E Pluribus Unum. Historians use various concepts to guide their research - comparison, change and continuity over time, causation, periodization, and interpretation, all while placing U.S. History in a global context. Ultimately, history is what historians say it is. And yet, historians come to different conclusions about the same topic. Those arguments are what makes history so much fun!
|Author||: Heike Paul|
|Editor||: transcript Verlag|
This essential introduction to American studies examines the core foundational myths upon which the nation is based and which still determine discussions of US-American identities today. These myths include the myth of »discovery,« the Pocahontas myth, the myth of the Promised Land, the myth of the Founding Fathers, the melting pot myth, the myth of the West, and the myth of the self-made man. The chapters provide extended analyses of each of these myths, using examples from popular culture, literature, memorial culture, school books, and every-day life. Including visual material as well as study questions, this book will be of interest to any student of American studies and will foster an understanding of the United States of America as an imagined community by analyzing the foundational role of myths in the process of nation building.
|Author||: Spencer Jourdain|