Bats in the Anthropocene Conservation of Bats in a Changing World

Bats in the Anthropocene  Conservation of Bats in a Changing World
Available:
Author: Christian C. Voigt,Tigga Kingston
Pages: 606
ISBN: 9783319252209
Release: 2015-12-07
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book focuses on central themes related to the conservation of bats. It details their response to land-use change and management practices, intensified urbanization and roost disturbance and loss. Increasing interactions between humans and bats as a result of hunting, disease relationships, occupation of human dwellings, and conflict over fruit crops are explored in depth. Finally, contributors highlight the roles that taxonomy, conservation networks and conservation psychology have to play in conserving this imperilled but vital taxon. With over 1300 species, bats are the second largest order of mammals, yet as the Anthropocene dawns, bat populations around the world are in decline. Greater understanding of the anthropogenic drivers of this decline and exploration of possible mitigation measures are urgently needed if we are to retain global bat diversity in the coming decades. This book brings together teams of international experts to provide a global review of current understanding and recommend directions for future research and mitigation.

Bats in the Anthropocene Conservation of Bats in a Changing World

Bats in the Anthropocene  Conservation of Bats in a Changing World
Available:
Author: Christian C. Voigt,Tigga Kingston
Pages: 606
ISBN: 3319252186
Release: 2015-12-16
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book focuses on central themes related to the conservation of bats. It details their response to land-use change and management practices, intensified urbanization and roost disturbance and loss. Increasing interactions between humans and bats as a result of hunting, disease relationships, occupation of human dwellings, and conflict over fruit crops are explored in depth. Finally, contributors highlight the roles that taxonomy, conservation networks and conservation psychology have to play in conserving this imperilled but vital taxon. With over 1300 species, bats are the second largest order of mammals, yet as the Anthropocene dawns, bat populations around the world are in decline. Greater understanding of the anthropogenic drivers of this decline and exploration of possible mitigation measures are urgently needed if we are to retain global bat diversity in the coming decades. This book brings together teams of international experts to provide a global review of current understanding and recommend directions for future research and mitigation.

Island Bats

Island Bats
Available:
Author: Theodore H. Fleming,Paul A. Racey
Pages: 592
ISBN: 9780226253312
Release: 2010-03-15
Editor: University of Chicago Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The second largest order of mammals, Chiroptera comprises more than one thousand species of bats. Because of their mobility, bats are often the only native mammals on isolated oceanic islands, where more than half of all bat species live. These island bats represent an evolutionarily distinctive and ecologically significant part of the earth’s biological diversity. Island Bats is the first book to focus solely on the evolution, ecology, and conservation of bats living in the world’s island ecosystems. Among other topics, the contributors to this volume examine how the earth’s history has affected the evolution of island bats, investigate how bat populations are affected by volcanic eruptions and hurricanes, and explore the threat of extinction from human disturbance. Geographically diverse, the volume includes studies of the islands of the Caribbean, the Western Indian Ocean, Micronesia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and New Zealand. With its wealth of information from long-term studies, Island Bats provides timely and valuable information about how this fauna has evolved and how it can be conserved.

Bat Evolution Ecology and Conservation

Bat Evolution  Ecology  and Conservation
Available:
Author: Rick A. Adams,Scott C. Pedersen
Pages: 547
ISBN: 9781461473978
Release: 2013-09-05
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Recent advances in the study of bats have changed the way we understand this illusive group of mammals. This volume consist of 25 chapters and 57 authors from around the globe all writing on the most recent finding on the evolution, ecology and conservation of bats. The chapters in this book are not intended to be exhaustive literature reviews, but instead extended manuscripts that bring new and fresh perspectives. Many chapters consist of previously unpublished data and are repetitive of new insights and understanding in bat evolution, ecology and conservation. All chapters were peer-reviewed and revised by the authors. Many of the chapters are multi-authored to provide comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the topics.

Bat Conservation

Bat Conservation
Available:
Author: Anna Berthinussen,Olivia C. Richardson,John D. Altringham
Pages: 120
ISBN: 9781907807916
Release: 2014-05-16
Editor: Pelagic Publishing Ltd

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book brings together scientific evidence and experience relevant to the practical conservation of bats. The authors worked with an international group of bat experts and conservationists to develop a global list of interventions that could benefit bats. For each intervention, the book summarises studies captured by the Conservation Evidence project, where that intervention has been tested and its effects on bats quantified. The result is a thorough guide to what is known, or not known, about the effectiveness of bat conservation actions throughout the world. Bat Conservation is the fifth in a series of Synopses that will cover different species groups and habitats, gradually building into a comprehensive summary of evidence on the effects of conservation interventions for all biodiversity throughout the world. By making evidence accessible in this way, we hope to enable a change in the practice of conservation, so it can become more evidence-based. We also aim to highlight where there are gaps in knowledge. Evidence from all around the world is included. If there appears to be a bias towards evidence from northern European or North American temperate environments, this reflects a current bias in the published research that is available to us. Conservation interventions are grouped primarily according to the relevant direct threats, as defined in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s Unified Classification of Direct Threats (www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/classification-schemes).

Phyllostomid Bats

Phyllostomid Bats
Available:
Author: Theodore H Fleming,Liliana M. Dávalos,Marco A. R. Mello
Pages: 512
ISBN: 9780226696263
Release: 2020-10-16
Editor: University of Chicago Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

With more than two hundred species distributed from California through Texas and across most of mainland Mexico, Central and South America, and islands in the Caribbean Sea, the Phyllostomidae bat family (American leaf-nosed bats) is one of the world’s most diverse mammalian families. From an insectivorous ancestor, species living today, over about 30 million years, have evolved a hyper-diverse range of diets, from blood or small vertebrates, to consuming nectar, pollen, and fruit. Phyllostomid plant-visiting species are responsible for pollinating more than five hundred species of neotropical shrubs, trees, vines, and epiphytes—many of which are economically and ecologically important—and they also disperse the seeds of at least another five hundred plant species. Fruit-eating and seed-dispersing members of this family thus play a crucial role in the regeneration of neotropical forests, and the fruit eaters are among the most abundant mammals in these habitats. Coauthored by leading experts in the field and synthesizing the latest advances in molecular biology and ecological methods, Phyllostomid Bats is the first overview in more than forty years of the evolution of the many morphological, behavioral, physiological, and ecological adaptations in this family. Featuring abundant illustrations as well as details on the current conservation status of phyllostomid species, it is both a comprehensive reference for these ecologically vital creatures and a fascinating exploration of the evolutionary process of adaptive radiation.

Urban Biodiversity

Urban Biodiversity
Available:
Author: Alessandro Ossola,Jari Niemelä
Pages: 260
ISBN: 9781315402567
Release: 2017-11-28
Editor: Routledge

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Urban biodiversity is an increasingly popular topic among researchers. Worldwide, thousands of research projects are unravelling how urbanisation impacts the biodiversity of cities and towns, as well as its benefits for people and the environment through ecosystem services. Exciting scientific discoveries are made on a daily basis. However, researchers often lack time and opportunity to communicate these findings to the community and those in charge of managing, planning and designing for urban biodiversity. On the other hand, urban practitioners frequently ask researchers for more comprehensible information and actionable tools to guide their actions. This book is designed to fill this cultural and communicative gap by discussing a selection of topics related to urban biodiversity, as well as its benefits for people and the urban environment. It provides an interdisciplinary overview of scientifically grounded knowledge vital for current and future practitioners in charge of urban biodiversity management, its conservation and integration into urban planning. Topics covered include pests and invasive species, rewilding habitats, the contribution of a diverse urban agriculture to food production, implications for human well-being, and how to engage the public with urban conservation strategies. For the first time, world-leading researchers from five continents convene to offer a global interdisciplinary perspective on urban biodiversity narrated with a simple but rigorous language. This book synthesizes research at a level suitable for both students and professionals working in nature conservation and urban planning and management.

The Sixth Extinction

The Sixth Extinction
Available:
Author: Elizabeth Kolbert
Pages: 336
ISBN: 9780805099799
Release: 2014-02-11
Editor: Henry Holt and Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 1

Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 1
Available:
Author: Andreas Wanninger
Pages: 251
ISBN: 9783709118627
Release: 2015-08-10
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This multi-author, six-volume work summarizes our current knowledge on the developmental biology of all major invertebrate animal phyla. The main aspects of cleavage, embryogenesis, organogenesis and gene expression are discussed in an evolutionary framework. Each chapter presents an in-depth yet concise overview of both classical and recent literature, supplemented by numerous color illustrations and micrographs of a given animal group. The largely taxon-based chapters are supplemented by essays on topical aspects relevant to modern-day EvoDevo research such as regeneration, embryos in the fossil record, homology in the age of genomics and the role of EvoDevo in the context of reconstructing evolutionary and phylogenetic scenarios. A list of open questions at the end of each chapter may serve as a source of inspiration for the next generation of EvoDevo scientists. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates is a must-have for any scientist, teacher or student interested in developmental and evolutionary biology as well as in general invertebrate zoology. This volume starts off with three chapters that set the stage for the entire work by covering general aspects of EvoDevo research, including its relevance for animal phylogeny, homology issues in the age of developmental genomics, and embryological data in the fossil record. These are followed by taxon-based chapters on the animals that are commonly considered to have branched off the Animal Tree of Life before the evolution of the Bilateria: the Porifera, Placozoa, Cnidaria (with the Myxozoa being treated separately) and Ctenophora. In addition, the Acoelomorpha, Xenoturbellida and Chaetognatha are examined, including their currently hotly debated phylogenetic affinities.

Bats and Viruses

Bats and Viruses
Available:
Author: Eugenia Corrales-Aguilar,Martin Schwemmle
Pages: 230
ISBN: 1912530147
Release: 2020
Editor: Unknown

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

An invaluable reference source for everyone working on bat-borne viruses.

Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and Their Application in Evolutionary Biology

Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and Their Application in Evolutionary Biology
Available:
Author: László Zsolt Garamszegi
Pages: 552
ISBN: 9783662435502
Release: 2014-07-29
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Phylogenetic comparative approaches are powerful analytical tools for making evolutionary inferences from interspecific data and phylogenies. The phylogenetic toolkit available to evolutionary biologists is currently growing at an incredible speed, but most methodological papers are published in the specialized statistical literature and many are incomprehensible for the user community. This textbook provides an overview of several newly developed phylogenetic comparative methods that allow to investigate a broad array of questions on how phenotypic characters evolve along the branches of phylogeny and how such mechanisms shape complex animal communities and interspecific interactions. The individual chapters were written by the leading experts in the field and using a language that is accessible for practicing evolutionary biologists. The authors carefully explain the philosophy behind different methodologies and provide pointers – mostly using a dynamically developing online interface – on how these methods can be implemented in practice. These “conceptual” and “practical” materials are essential for expanding the qualification of both students and scientists, but also offer a valuable resource for educators. Another value of the book are the accompanying online resources (available at: http://www.mpcm-evolution.com), where the authors post and permanently update practical materials to help embed methods into practice.

Problematic Wildlife

Problematic Wildlife
Available:
Author: Francesco M. Angelici
Pages: 603
ISBN: 9783319222462
Release: 2015-12-18
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book provides insight into the instances in which wildlife species can create problems. Some species trigger problems for human activities, but many others need humans to save them and to continue to exist. The text addresses issues faced by economists and politicians dealing with laws involving actions undertaken to resolve the problems of the interaction between humans and wildlife. Here, the words ‘problematic species’ are used in their broadest sense, as may be appreciated in the short introductions to the various sections. At times, the authors discuss special cases while always extending the discussion into a more general and broad vision. At others, they present real cutting-edge analysis of ecological topics and issues. The book will be of interest to biologists, ecologists and wildlife managers involved in research on wildlife, parks, and environmental management, as well as to government departments and agencies, NGOs and conservation wildlife organizations. Even those in contact with nature, such as hunters, herders, and farmers, will be able to find a great deal of important information. Specific case studies are selected from among the most significant and prevalent cases throughout the world. A total of 26 papers have been selected for this book, written by zoologists, biologists and ecologists. Many have an interdisciplinary approach, with contributions by economists, criminologists, technical specialists, and engineers.

Handbook of Road Ecology

Handbook of Road Ecology
Available:
Author: Rodney van der Ree,Daniel J. Smith,Clara Grilo
Pages: 552
ISBN: 9781118568187
Release: 2015-06-15
Editor: John Wiley & Sons

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Explains hest-practices based on a number of successful international case studies.

Conservation Research Policy and Practice

Conservation Research  Policy and Practice
Available:
Author: William J. Sutherland,Peter N. M. Brotherton,Zoe G. Davies,Nancy Ockendon,Nathalie Pettorelli,Juliet A. Vickery
Pages: 350
ISBN: 9781108714587
Release: 2020-04-30
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Discover how conservation can be made more effective through strengthening links between science research, policy and practice. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

The Duke Diet

The Duke Diet
Available:
Author: Howard Eisenson,Martin Binks
Pages: 448
ISBN: 9781407061207
Release: 2012-10-31
Editor: Random House

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Finally, everything you need for lasting weight loss! The Duke Diet and Fitness Center offers one of the most successful weight loss programmes in the world. Thousands of participants have learned how to lose weight, keep the weight off and improve their health. So, what is the Duke secret? Written by a medical doctor and psychologist, this four-week, step-by-step programme covers nutrition, fitness and behavioural strategies to help change the way you eat, exercise and think about food forever. The Duke Diet features: - Two delicious diet plans with different carbohydrate levels - Four weeks of easy-to-use menu plans and recipes - Individualised exercise programmes for all levels of fitness - A maintenance plan for continued success and lasting weight loss The Duke Diet is poised to become the diet book of the year.

Aeroecology

Aeroecology
Available:
Author: Phillip B. Chilson,Winifred F. Frick,Jeffrey F. Kelly,Felix Liechti
Pages: 497
ISBN: 9783319685762
Release: 2018-03-23
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book consists of a diverse collection of chapters that seeks to broaden our fundamental understanding of the ecological function and biological importance of the Earth’s lower atmosphere, which provides a huge living space for billions of animals moving within and across continents. Their migration, dispersal and foraging activities connect water and land habitats within and across continents. Drawing upon the wide-ranging experience of the authors, the book takes an inherently interdisciplinary approach that serves to introduce the reader to the topic of aeroecology, frame some of the basic biological questions that can be addressed within the context of aeroecology, and highlight several existing and emerging technologies that are being used to promote aeroecological studies. The book begins with several background chapters, that provide introduction into such topics as atmospheric science, the concept of the habitat, animal physiology, and methods of navigation. It then continues with a broad discussion of observational methods available to and used by aeroecologists. Finally, several targeted examples of aeroecological studies are presented. Following the development of the chapters, the reader is provided with a unifying framework for investigating how the dynamic properties of meteorological conditions at local, regional, and global scales affect the organisms that depend on the air for foraging and movement. Material presented in the book should be of interest to anyone wishing to gain a comprehensive understanding of the aerosphere itself and the myriad airborne organisms that inhabit and depend upon this environment for their existence. The material should be accessible to a diverse set of readers at all stages of training and across a range of research expertise.

Species Concepts in Biology

Species Concepts in Biology
Available:
Author: Frank E. Zachos
Pages: 220
ISBN: 9783319449661
Release: 2016-10-05
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Frank E. Zachos offers a comprehensive review of one of today’s most important and contentious issues in biology: the species problem. After setting the stage with key background information on the topic, the book provides a brief history of species concepts from antiquity to the Modern Synthesis, followed by a discussion of the ontological status of species with a focus on the individuality thesis and potential means of reconciling it with other philosophical approaches. More than 30 different species concepts found in the literature are presented in an annotated list, and the most important ones, including the Biological, Genetic, Evolutionary and different versions of the Phylogenetic Species Concept, are discussed in more detail. Specific questions addressed include the problem of asexual and prokaryotic species, intraspecific categories like subspecies and Evolutionarily Significant Units, and a potential solution to the species problem based on a hierarchical approach that distinguishes between ontological and operational species concepts. A full chapter is dedicated to the challenge of delimiting species by means of a discrete taxonomy in a continuous world of inherently fuzzy boundaries. Further, the book outlines the practical ramifications for ecology and evolutionary biology of how we define the species category, highlighting the danger of an apples and oranges problem if what we subsume under the same name (“species”) is in actuality a variety of different entities. A succinct summary chapter, glossary and annotated list of references round out the coverage, making the book essential reading for all biologists looking for an accessible introduction to the historical, philosophical and practical dimensions of the species problem.

Management Wisdom From the New York Yankees Dynasty

Management Wisdom From the New York Yankees  Dynasty
Available:
Author: Lance A. Berger
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780471738978
Release: 2005-05-27
Editor: John Wiley & Sons

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 6

Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 6
Available:
Author: Andreas Wanninger
Pages: 214
ISBN: 9783709118566
Release: 2015-08-11
Editor: Springer

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This multi-author, six-volume work summarizes our current knowledge on the developmental biology of all major invertebrate animal phyla. The main aspects of cleavage, embryogenesis, organogenesis and gene expression are discussed in an evolutionary framework. Each chapter presents an in-depth yet concise overview of both classical and recent literature, supplemented by numerous color illustrations and micrographs of a given animal group. The largely taxon-based chapters are supplemented by essays on topical aspects relevant to modern-day EvoDevo research such as regeneration, embryos in the fossil record, homology in the age of genomics and the role of EvoDevo in the context of reconstructing evolutionary and phylogenetic scenarios. A list of open questions at the end of each chapter may serve as a source of inspiration for the next generation of EvoDevo scientists. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates is a must-have for any scientist, teacher or student interested in developmental and evolutionary biology as well as in general invertebrate zoology. This chapter is dedicated to the Deuterostomia, comprising the Echinodermata and Hemichordata (usually grouped together as the Ambulacraria) as well as the Cephalochordata and the Tunicata.

Bats in Forests

Bats in Forests
Available:
Author: Michael J. Lacki,John P. Hayes,Allen Kurta
Pages: 329
ISBN: 0801884993
Release: 2007-05-11
Editor: JHU Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Bats in Forests presents the work of a variety of experts who address many aspects of the ecology and conservation of bats. The chapter authors describe bat behavior, including the selection of roosts, foraging patterns, and seasonal migration as they relate to forests. They also discuss forest management and its influence on bat habitat. Both public lands and privately owned forests are considered, as well as techniques for monitoring bat populations and activity.