100 Years Of Nobel Prizes
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|Author||: Baruch A. Shalev|
|Editor||: Atlantic Publishers & Dist|
100 Years Of Nobel Prizes Provides A Detailed Statistical Analysis Of What Is Required To Win A Nobel, Why It Sometimes Takes A Long Time To Collect The Award, And What The Prizes Have Meant To Human Progress.After The Nobel Prizes Are Announced Each October, Do You Ever Wonder:" How Many Scientists Have Won Two Nobels During Their Career?" Could Nobels Run In Families?" Does Luck Ever Play A Role In A Nobel Award?" Have Any Undeserving Achievements Ever Been Recognized?" Have Some Deserving Individuals Been Passed Over?" What Do U.S. President S Roosevelt And Wilson Have In Common?" How Many Women Have Won The Nobel Prize In Economics?" Have Alfred Nobel S Purposes In Establishing The Awards Been Met?" Do Some Universities Have An Inside Track On Winning Nobels?" Has Immigration Played A Role In Awarding The Nobel Prize?" Why Have Nearly 30% Of The Nobel Prizes Gone To A Group Representing Only About .02% Of The World S Population?Learn The Fascinating Answers To These And Other Questions Discovered By Baruch A. Shalev, An Israeli Geneticist, Who Began Wondering Whether One Of The Principle Findings Of A Lifetime Of Animal Research Might Also Apply To Human Beings. After His Retirement, He Selected Nobel Prize-Winners As A Population Universe To Study. This Book Is The Result Of His Investigations.
|Author||: Baruch Aba Shalev|
|Editor||: The Americas Group|
Winning a Nobel Price is unquestionably the highest possible recognition of intellectual and personal achievement. This book provides a detailed statistical analysis of what is required to win a Nobel, why it sometimes takes a long time to collect the award, and what the prizes have meant to human progress.
|Author||: Agneta Wallin Levinovitz,Nils Ringertz|
|Editor||: World Scientific|
"This wonderful book gives a comprehensive review of the Nobel prizes awarded since 1901 Reading the book is like reading a compressed history of humankind in the twentieth century. It shows how by and large the Nobel prizes have indeed tracked the epoch-making events in this turbulent century."M VeltmanNobel Laureate in Physics (1999)Emeritus Professor of PhysicsUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor
|Author||: Burton Feldman|
|Editor||: Arcade Publishing|
A history of the Nobel Prize reveals the biases and controversies inherent in the choosing of award winners in each field, scandals, corruption, and the problems stemming from a refusal to change with modern times.
|Author||: Erling Norrby|
|Editor||: World Scientific|
The Nobel Prizes m natural sciences have achieved the reputation of being the ultimate accolade for scientific achievements. This honk gives a unique insight into the selection of Nobel Prize recipients, in particular the life sciences. The evolving mechanisms of selection of prize recipients are illustrated by reference to archives, which have remained secret for 1) years. Many of the prizes subjected to particular evaluation concern awards given for discoveries in the field of infectious diseases and the interconnected field of genetics. The book illustrates the individuals and environments that are conducive to scientific creativity. Nowhere is this enigmatic activity'-- the mime mover in advancing the human condition highlighted as lucidly as by identification individuals worthy of Nobel Prizes. --Book Jacket.
|Author||: M. -H. Chiu,P. J. Gilmer,D. F. Treagust|
|Editor||: Springer Science & Business Media|
This book is a companion to the IYC-2011 celebration. The eleven chapters are organized into three sections: Section 1: Marie Curie’s Impact on Science and Society, Section 2: Women Chemists in the Past Two Centuries, and Section 3: Policy Implications. The authors invited to contribute to this book were asked to orient their chapter around a particular aspect of Marie Curie’s life such as the ethical aspects of her research, women’s role in research or her influence on the image of chemists. Our hope is that this book will positively influence young women’s minds and decisions they make in learning of chemistry/science like Marie Curie’s biography. But we do hope this book opens an avenue for young women to explore the possibility of being a scientist, or at least to appreciate chemistry as a human enterprise that has its merit in contributing to sustainability in our world. Also we hope that both men and women will realize that women are fully competent and capable of conducting creative and fascinating scientific research.
|Author||: Baruch A. Shalev|
|Editor||: American Group Publishing|
The book now covers all prize winners to 2007 and provides a detailed statistical analysis of what is required to win a Nobel Prize, why it sometimes takes a long time to collect the award, and what the prizes have meant to human progress. In addition, winners of other prestigious international awards for intellectual achievement are included.
|Author||: István Hargittai|
|Editor||: Chemical Heritage Foundation|
The Nobel Prizes enjoy enormous prestige throughout the world. Every year, science is propelled into the limelight, and in October, when the prizes are announced, and December, when they are awarded at a ceremony in Stockholm, a chosen few scientists acquire celebrity status and their sciencereceives wide coverage in the news media. First awarded in 1901, the Nobel Prize remains the only science prize widely recognized by the general public.What sort of scientists become Nobel laureates? How are they chosen? Are there features common to them, and to their prize-winning research? These sorts of questions have long intrigued Istvan Hargittai and seeking answers, he began interviewing Nobel prize-winning scientists about their careers.Some 70 laureates, and a similar number of other distinguished scientists, have been interviewed, most of them during the late 1990s, and the result is this remarkable book. Written for a general readership, The Road to Stockholm illuminates the nature of scientific discovery, the Nobel Prizeselection process, the factors common to award-winning research, and the effects of the Nobel Prize on science itself. Here are stories of scientists who overcame adversity, eventually to win the Prize; insights into the importance of the laureate's mentor in earlier life, and into the significanceof the location where prize-winning research is carried out; and a variety of responses to the question: what first turned you to science? No less fascinating are the well-publicised examples of deserving (in many eyes) scientists who were not awarded the Nobel Prize, and Professor Hargittai devotesa chapter to them.Here, then, is an absorbing account of science, scientists, and a Prize created a hundred years ago to reward those who, in the words of Alfred Nobel's Will, 'during the previous year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.'
|Author||: Nils Hansson,Thorsten Halling,Heiner Fangerau|
|Editor||: Brill / Rodopi|
This book investigates the history of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The anthology will help the reader to better understand the social dynamics of scientific recognition and reputation throughout the 20th century and provide new perspectives on excellence in science and medicine.
|Author||: Brian Keating|
|Editor||: W. W. Norton & Company|
A Forbes, Physics Today, Science News, and Science Friday Best Science Book Of 2018 The inside story of a quest to unlock one of cosmology’s biggest mysteries, derailed by the lure of the Nobel Prize. What would it have been like to be an eyewitness to the Big Bang? In 2014, astronomers wielding BICEP2, the most powerful cosmology telescope ever made, revealed that they’d glimpsed the spark that ignited the Big Bang. Millions around the world tuned in to the announcement broadcast live from Harvard University, immediately igniting rumors of an imminent Nobel Prize. But had these cosmologists truly read the cosmic prologue or, swept up in Nobel dreams, had they been deceived by a galactic mirage? In Losing the Nobel Prize, cosmologist and inventor of the BICEP (Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization) experiment Brian Keating tells the inside story of BICEP2’s mesmerizing discovery and the scientific drama that ensued. In an adventure story that spans the globe from Rhode Island to the South Pole, from California to Chile, Keating takes us on a personal journey of revelation and discovery, bringing to vivid life the highly competitive, take-no-prisoners, publish-or-perish world of modern science. Along the way, he provocatively argues that the Nobel Prize, instead of advancing scientific progress, may actually hamper it, encouraging speed and greed while punishing collaboration and bold innovation. In a thoughtful reappraisal of the wishes of Alfred Nobel, Keating offers practical solutions for reforming the prize, providing a vision of a scientific future in which cosmologists may, finally, be able to see all the way back to the very beginning.
|Author||: Agneta Wallin Levinovitz,Nils Ringertz|
|Editor||: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated|
The Nobel Prize, as founded in Alfred Nobel's will, was the first truly international prize. There is no other award with the same global scope and mission. The Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace, and the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (from 1969) have not only captured the most significant contributions to the progress of mankind, they also constitute distinct markers of the major trends in their respective areas. The main reason for the prestige of the Prize today is, however, the lasting importance of the names on the list of Laureates and their contributions to human development. In celebration of the centennial of the Nobel Prize in 2001, this book offers a clear perspective on the development of human civilization over the past hundred years. The book serves to present the major trends and developments and also provide information about the life and philosophy of Alfred Nobel, the history of the Nobel Foundation, and the procedure for nominating and selecting Nobel Laureates.
|Author||: Bengt Ljunggren,G. W. Bruyn|
|Editor||: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers|
This book is a must not only for neuroscientists and historians but also for physicians all around the world who are interested in the history of medicine, the Karolinska Institute, and the two Swedish contemporaries Axel Key and Alfred Nobel. It provides enjoyable and informative reading, and, with a large number of portraits, it puts faces to the nerves, cells, microbes and diseases that have been named after their famous discoverers.
|Author||: Rajinder Singh|
The Nobel Prize, according to the will of its founder Alfred Nobel, are awarded to persons for their services in the field of chemistry, physics, medicine and physiology, literature and peace. The Economic Sciences Prize was introduced by the Swedish Bank and first awarded in 1969. Till 1964, fourteen Indians – Aga Khan III, Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh, Hari Mohan Banerjee, Sanjib Kumar Chaudhuri, Benegal Narsing Rau, Rajah Bhushanman Manikam, Mahesh Prasad Varma alias His Holiness Bal Brahmachari, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, Mehar Chand Davar, Sri Aurobindo Ghose, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Mahatma Gandhi – were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. An apostle of non-violent struggle and a crusader against colonialism and inequality Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi) was a much revered world figure. Between 1924 and 1948, in nearly 100 nominations (individual or joint) he was proposed for the Nobel Peace Prize. And yet despite international support, Gandhi was never a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Why was it so? Was it the fault of the Nobel Committee? Perhaps his associates made mistakes? In order to answer such questions, the nomination letters, newspaper cuttings, reports of the experts’ of the Nobel Committee, confidential record of the Committee, and other unpublished documents were consulted from the Archives of the Peace Prize Institute. The results are discussed and analysed in this volume. Please note: Taylor & Francis does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
|Author||: James F. ENGLISH,James F English|
|Editor||: Harvard University Press|
This is a book about one of the great untold stories of modern cultural life: the remarkable ascendancy of prizes in literature and the arts. James F. English documents the dramatic rise of the awards industry and its complex role within what he describes as an economy of cultural prestige.
|Author||: Robert Marc Friedman|
|Editor||: W H Freeman & Company|
Reveals all the politics & personal agendas that dictate who has been awarded the Prize, & just as importantly, who has not. Published in conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the Prizes.
|Editor||: I. K. International Pvt Ltd|
The year 2001 marked the centenary of the Nobel Prize. 100 Years with Nobel Laureates is a collection of Britannica articles by 100 Nobel laureates, a happy coincidence. It celebrates this most prestigious of international awards and testifies to the continuing commitment of Encyclopedia Britannica to the highest standards of scholarship and learning around the world. Encyclopaedia Britannica is justly proud of its Nobel Prize contributors. They have added immeasurably to the world's knowledge and to Britannica's reputation as one of the world's most authoritative reference sources. 100 Years with Nobel Laureates contains one or more articles by each laureate who has been an Encyclopedia Britannica contributor. It also includes biographies, as well as lists, by award type, of all Nobel Prize winners (including the 100 Britannica contributors) since the beginning of the awards in 1901.
|Author||: Michael Lewis|
|Editor||: W. W. Norton & Company|
“Brilliant. . . . Lewis has given us a spectacular account of two great men who faced up to uncertainty and the limits of human reason.” —William Easterly, Wall Street Journal Forty years ago, Israeli psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky wrote a series of breathtakingly original papers that invented the field of behavioral economics. One of the greatest partnerships in the history of science, Kahneman and Tversky’s extraordinary friendship incited a revolution in Big Data studies, advanced evidence-based medicine, led to a new approach to government regulation, and made much of Michael Lewis’s own work possible. In The Undoing Project, Lewis shows how their Nobel Prize–winning theory of the mind altered our perception of reality.
|Author||: Fredrik S. Heffermehl|
In this groundbreaking and controversial critique of the selections of Nobel Peace Prize winners, an eminent Norwegian lawyer and peace activist calls for its return to legal and moral compliance with the will of Alfred Nobel who wished to support disarmament to prevent war. * Presents a list of all 120 laureates accompanied by gradings of the committee's justification for each of their choices, the results shown in easy-to-understand tables * Each chapter concludes with a comprehensive list of additional resources for further research * Photos of Alfred Nobel and Bertha von Suttner, the two key individuals behind the Nobel Peace Prize * Bibliography points to approximately 100 books and articles on the history of the peace prize and relevant sources on military security versus peace politics * The included appendix, "How to Earn the Nobel Peace Prize" provides the criteria and qualifications required in Nobel's will, lists of those entitled to nominate, application address and deadline, and more
|Author||: Edmund Morris|
|Editor||: Modern Library|
WINNER OF THE PULITZER PRIZE AND THE NATIONAL BOOK AWARD • Selected by the Modern Library as one of the 100 best nonfiction books of all time This classic biography is the story of seven men—a naturalist, a writer, a lover, a hunter, a ranchman, a soldier, and a politician—who merged at age forty-two to become the youngest President in history. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt begins at the apex of his international prestige. That was on New Year’s Day, 1907, when TR, who had just won the Nobel Peace Prize, threw open the doors of the White House to the American people and shook 8,150 hands. One visitor remarked afterward, “You go to the White House, you shake hands with Roosevelt and hear him talk—and then you go home to wring the personality out of your clothes.” The rest of this book tells the story of TR’s irresistible rise to power. During the years 1858–1901, Theodore Roosevelt transformed himself from a frail, asthmatic boy into a full-blooded man. Fresh out of Harvard, he simultaneously published a distinguished work of naval history and became the fist-swinging leader of a Republican insurgency in the New York State Assembly. He chased thieves across the Badlands of North Dakota with a copy of Anna Karenina in one hand and a Winchester rifle in the other. Married to his childhood sweetheart in 1886, he became the country squire of Sagamore Hill on Long Island, a flamboyant civil service reformer in Washington, D.C., and a night-stalking police commissioner in New York City. As assistant secretary of the navy, he almost single-handedly brought about the Spanish-American War. After leading “Roosevelt’s Rough Riders” in the famous charge up San Juan Hill, Cuba, he returned home a military hero, and was rewarded with the governorship of New York. In what he called his “spare hours” he fathered six children and wrote fourteen books. By 1901, the man Senator Mark Hanna called “that damned cowboy” was vice president. Seven months later, an assassin’s bullet gave TR the national leadership he had always craved. His is a story so prodigal in its variety, so surprising in its turns of fate, that previous biographers have treated it as a series of haphazard episodes. This book, the only full study of TR’s pre-presidential years, shows that he was an inevitable chief executive. “It was as if he were subconsciously aware that he was a man of many selves,” the author writes, “and set about developing each one in turn, knowing that one day he would be President of all the people.”
|Author||: Sharon Bertsch McGrayne|
|Editor||: Joseph Henry Press|
Since 1901 there have been over three hundred recipients of the Nobel Prize in the sciences. Only ten of them -- about 3 percent -- have been women. Why? In this updated version of Nobel Prize Women in Science, Sharon Bertsch McGrayne explores the reasons for this astonishing disparity by examining the lives and achievements of fifteen women scientists who either won a Nobel Prize or played a crucial role in a Nobel Prize - winning project. The book reveals the relentless discrimination these women faced both as students and as researchers. Their success was due to the fact that they were passionately in love with science. The book begins with Marie Curie, the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in physics. Readers are then introduced to Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, Emmy Noether, Lise Meitner, Barbara McClintock, Chien-Shiung Wu, and Rosalind Franklin. These and other remarkable women portrayed here struggled against gender discrimination, raised families, and became political and religious leaders. They were mountain climbers, musicians, seamstresses, and gourmet cooks. Above all, they were strong, joyful women in love with discovery. Nobel Prize Women in Science is a startling and revealing look into the history of science and the critical and inspiring role that women have played in the drama of scientific progress.