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|Author||: Derek B. Lowe|
From atoms and fluorescent pigments to sulfa drug synthesis and buckyballs, this lush and authoritative chronology presents 250 milestones in the world of chemistry. As the "central science" that bridges biology and physics, chemistry plays an important role in countless medical and technological advances. Covering entertaining stories and unexpected applications, chemist and journalist Derek B. Lowe traces the most important—and surprising—chemical discoveries.
|Author||: Ivon Flament|
|Editor||: John Wiley & Sons|
This, the first comprehensive review of coffee flavor chemistry is entirely dedicated to flavor components and presents the importance of analytical techniques for the quality control of harvesting, roasting, conditioning and distribution of foods. Provides a reference for coffee specialists and an introduction to flavor chemistry for non-specialists The author is a research chemist with Firmenich SA, one of the few great flavor and fragrance companies in the world Contains the most recent references (up to 2001) for the identification of green and roasted coffee aroma volatiles
|Author||: Hans Kuhn,Horst-Dieter Försterling,David H. Waldeck|
|Editor||: John Wiley & Sons|
Principles of Physical Chemistry presents a novel approach to physical chemistry that emphasizes the use of a few fundamental principles to quantitatively describe the nature of molecules and their assemblies. It begins with atoms and molecules, using the electron-in-a-box model to illustrate the essential features of quantum mechanics and why atoms and molecules exist. Thermodynamics is not introduced in the classical manner, considering the first and second law as postulates, but approached by studying assemblies of molecules statistically. The authors proceed to molecular assemblies of increasing complexity, evolving from ideal gases to real gases and solutions, then to macromolecules and supramolecular machines, and ending with the search for the logical conditions and chemical requirements for physicochemical processes leading to life's origin, the emergence of matter that carries information. This text is ideal for both undergraduate and graduate courses in physical chemistry, providing a basis for understanding the nature of chemical processes in biology, chemistry, and engineering.
|Author||: Michael S. Russell|
|Editor||: Royal Society of Chemistry|
"Aimed A level students, this book discusses the theory of fireworks in terms of well-known scientific concepts wherever possible, in a concise and easy to understand style."
|Author||: Roy McWeeny|
|Editor||: Courier Corporation|
Originally delivered as a series of lectures, this volume systematically traces the evolution of the "spin" concept from its role in quantum mechanics to its assimilation into the field of chemistry. Author Roy McWeeny presents an in-depth illustration of the deductive methods of quantum theory and their application to spins in chemistry, following the path from the earliest concepts to the sophisticated physical methods employed in the investigation of molecular structure and properties. Starting with the origin and development of the spin concept, the text advances to an examination of spin and valence; reviews a simple example of the origin of spin Hamiltonians; and explores spin density, spin populations, and spin correlation. Additional topics include nuclear hyperfine effects and electron spin-spin coupling, the g tensor, and chemical shifts and nuclear spin-spin coupling.
|Author||: D. W. A. Sharp|
|Editor||: Penguin Group USA|
Updated to incorporate the latest developments and research, a practical scientific reference provides detailed explanations of chemical terms from all branches of the science, all enhanced with helpful illustrations. Original.
|Author||: Shu Hotta|
This book introduces basic concepts of mathematical physics to chemists. Many textbooks and monographs of mathematical physics may appear daunting to them. Unlike other, related books, however, this one contains a practical selection of material, particularly for graduate and undergraduate students majoring in chemistry. The book first describes quantum mechanics and electromagnetism, with the relation between the two being emphasized. Although quantum mechanics covers a broad field in modern physics, the author focuses on a hydrogen(like) atom and a harmonic oscillator with regard to the operator method. This approach helps chemists understand the basic concepts of quantum mechanics aided by their intuitive understanding without abstract argument, as chemists tend to think of natural phenomena and other factors intuitively rather than only logically. The study of light propagation, reflection, and transmission in dielectric media is of fundamental importance. This book explains these processes on the basis of Maxwell equations. The latter half of the volume deals with mathematical physics in terms of vectors and their transformation in a vector space. Finally, as an example of chemical applications, quantum chemical treatment of methane is introduced, including a basic but essential explanation of Green functions and group theory. Methodology developed by the author will also prove to be useful to physicists.
|Author||: James N. BeMiller,Roy Lester Whistler|
|Editor||: Academic Press|
Provides an understanding of the structure, chemistry, properties, production and uses of starches and their derivatives including everything needed to evaluate and apply the appropriate starch-based solution , and the genetics, biochemistry, and physical structure of starches. Includes specific information on corn, wheat, potato, rice, rye, oat and barley-based starches and presents new application trends for starch.
|Author||: John E. Macor|
|Editor||: Academic Press|
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry provides timely and critical reviews of important topics in medicinal chemistry together with an emphasis on emerging topics in the biological sciences, which are expected to provide the basis for entirely new future therapies.
|Author||: S. Oae|
In recent years organic sulfur chemistry has been growing at an even faster pace than the very rapid development in other fields of chemistry. This phenomenal growth is undoubtedly a reflection of industrial and public demands: not only was sulfur recently in overall surplus for the first time in the history of the chemical industry but it has now become a prin cipal environmental hazard in the form of sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid and hydrogen sulfide. Another reason, discernible in the last fifteen years, has been the desire, on the part of individual chemists and all types of research managers, to move away from the established chemistry of carbon into the less well understood and sometimes virgin chemistries of the other elements which form covalent bonds. As a result of this movement the last decade has seen the development of sulfur chemistry into a well-organized and now much better understood branch of organic chemistry. Enough of the detail has become clear to see mechanistic interrelationships between previously unconnected reactions and with this clarification the whole subject has in tum become systema tized and subdivided. The divalent sulfur chemistry of thiols, monosulfides, disulfides and polysulfides is a large area in itself, much of it devoted to oxidation-reduction and the breakage and formation of sulfur-sulfur bonds, although interesting discoveries are now being made about the reac tivity of certain sulfur-carbon bonds. Of course, this area has its own mas sive biochemical branch involving enzymes and proteins.
|Author||: Antony C. Wilbraham,Prentice Hall|
|Editor||: Prentice Hall|
The new Pearson Chemistry program combines our proven content with cutting-edge digital support to help students connect chemistry to their daily lives. With a fresh approach to problem-solving, a variety of hands-on learning opportunities, and more math support than ever before, Pearson Chemistry will ensure success in your chemistry classroom. Our program provides features and resources unique to Pearson--including the Understanding by Design Framework and powerful online resources to engage and motivate your students, while offering support for all types of learners in your classroom.
|Editor||: Academic Press|
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry is the definitive series in the field—one of great importance to organic chemists, polymer chemists, and many biological scientists. Because biology and organic chemistry increasingly intersect, the associated nomenclature also is being used more frequently in explanations. Written by established authorities in the field from around the world, this comprehensive review combines descriptive synthetic chemistry and mechanistic insight to yield an understanding of how chemistry drives the preparation and useful properties of heterocyclic compounds. Considered the definitive serial in the field of heterocyclic chemistry Serves as the go-to reference for organic chemists, polymer chemists, and many biological scientists Provides the latest comprehensive reviews written by established authorities in the field Combines descriptive synthetic chemistry and mechanistic insight to enhance understanding of how chemistry drives the preparation and useful properties of heterocyclic compounds
|Author||: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Janice A. Coonrod,George C. Pimentel|
|Editor||: National Academies Press|
Experts agree that the nation would benefit if more young people "turned on" to the sciences. This book is designed as a tool to do just that. It is based on Opportunities in Chemistry, a National Research Council publication that incorporated the contributions of 350 researchers working at the frontiers of the field. Chemistry educators Janice A. Coonrod and the late George C. Pimentel revised the material to capture the interest of today's student. A broad and highly readable survey, the volume explores: The role of chemistry in attacking major problems in environmental quality, food production, energy, health, and other important areas. Opportunities at the leading edge of chemistry, in controlling basic chemical reactions and working at the molecular level. Working with lasers, molecular beams, and other sophisticated measurement techniques and tools available to chemistry researchers. The book concludes with a discussion of chemistry's role in society's risk-benefit decisions and a review of career and educational opportunities.
|Author||: James A. Kent|
|Editor||: Springer Science & Business Media|
Substantially revising and updating the classic reference in the field, this handbook offers a valuable overview and myriad details on current chemical processes, products, and practices. No other source offers as much data on the chemistry, engineering, economics, and infrastructure of the industry. The Handbook serves a spectrum of individuals, from those who are directly involved in the chemical industry to others in related industries and activities. It provides not only the underlying science and technology for important industry sectors, but also broad coverage of critical supporting topics. Industrial processes and products can be much enhanced through observing the tenets and applying the methodologies found in chapters on Green Engineering and Chemistry (specifically, biomass conversion), Practical Catalysis, and Environmental Measurements; as well as expanded treatment of Safety, chemistry plant security, and Emergency Preparedness. Understanding these factors allows them to be part of the total process and helps achieve optimum results in, for example, process development, review, and modification. Important topics in the energy field, namely nuclear, coal, natural gas, and petroleum, are covered in individual chapters. Other new chapters include energy conversion, energy storage, emerging nanoscience and technology. Updated sections include more material on biomass conversion, as well as three chapters covering biotechnology topics, namely, Industrial Biotechnology, Industrial Enzymes, and Industrial Production of Therapeutic Proteins.
|Author||: Omar M. Yaghi,Markus J. Kalmutzki,Christian S. Diercks|
|Editor||: John Wiley & Sons|
A concise introduction to the chemistry and design principles behind important metal-organic frameworks and related porous materials Reticular chemistry has been applied to synthesize new classes of porous materials that are successfully used for myraid applications in areas such as gas separation, catalysis, energy, and electronics. Introduction to Reticular Chemistry gives an unique overview of the principles of the chemistry behind metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks (COFs), and zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs). Written by one of the pioneers in the field, this book covers all important aspects of reticular chemistry, including design and synthesis, properties and characterization, as well as current and future applications Designed to be an accessible resource, the book is written in an easy-to-understand style. It includes an extensive bibliography, and offers figures and videos of crystal structures that are available as an electronic supplement. Introduction to Reticular Chemistry: -Describes the underlying principles and design elements for the synthesis of important metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and related materials -Discusses both real-life and future applications in various fields, such as clean energy and water adsorption -Offers all graphic material on a companion website -Provides first-hand knowledge by Omar Yaghi, one of the pioneers in the field, and his team. Aimed at graduate students in chemistry, structural chemists, inorganic chemists, organic chemists, catalytic chemists, and others, Introduction to Reticular Chemistry is a groundbreaking book that explores the chemistry principles and applications of MOFs, COFs, and ZIFs.
|Author||: Peter Atkins,Julio de Paula|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
Elements of Physical Chemistry has been carefully crafted to help students increase their confidence when using physics and mathematics to answer fundamental questions about the structure of molecules, how chemical reactions take place, and why materials behave the way they do.